Sonia Bhalotra is Professor of Economics at the University of Warwick. She obtained an MPhil and DPhil from Oxford and a BSc Hons from Delhi. Her research has made contributions in the areas of health, gender and political economy.

She is currently Principal Investigator on an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council 2021-2026, Co-Investigator ESRC Research Centre on Micro-Social Change at ISER Essex 2019-2024, Co-Investigator ESRC Project on Human Rights, Big Data and Technology at the Human Rights Centre Essex 2015-2021 and Co-Investigator on a CEDIL and NIH funded project 2020-2025.

She is Fellow of the International Economic Association (2021-), Fellow of the UK Academy of Social Sciences (2019-), the Centre for Economic Policy Research CEPR London (2019-), IEPS Brazil (2020-), SFI Denmark (2012-).

Her work has contributed to understanding skill creation, the long run benefits of early life health interventions (clean water, antibiotics, infant care); maternal and child health including mental health (maternal depression, adolescent mental health), maternal mortality; domestic violence, gender inequality; the political economy of public service provision; accountability and the right to health; implementing universal health coverage; parental investments in children; intergenerational mobility, the gender pay gap and women’s labour force participation, and the dynamics of mortality, fertility and sex selection. Her research is set, inter alia, in India, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, America, the UK and Sweden.

Sonia has acted as Keynote or Panelist on fifteen occasions in the last three years- including a British Academy debate on global inequalities, the gender equality panel at an SDG financing event at the European Investment Bank, and an Academy of Social Science event celebrating Women in Social Science.

She is on the Evidence Panel of the Early Intervention Foundation, the International Advisory Boards of Lancet Women, Academics Stand Against Poverty Yale, The Millennium Nucleus for the Study of the Life Course and Vulnerability Santiago Chile, the Goettingen India Centre and a UNICEF network on adolescents in humanitarian crises. She has been a Visiting Professor at Oxford, Essen and Gothenburg. She has recently served on Scientific Committees at the WHO, UNICEF, ILO, British Academy, the European Society of Population Economics Council, the International Review Panel of the Danish Research Council and several ESRC committees and was a CROP Research Fellow at Bergen.

She has or has had collaborations with academics in Politics, Psychology, Philosophy, Medicine, Law.

Her AER March 2020 paper was covered in AER Research Highlights: And summarised in this Video:

The IGC/LSE created this video of her paper showing that economic growth improves under women legislators:

Her daughter Sameera made this video of her 2013 paper on cognitive development and infectious disease:

She has written several blogs, some of which can be found here:


IZA Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 13992
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Letícia Nunes, Rudi Rocha
under revision
IZA Discussion Paper No. 13056
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Adeline Delavande, Paulino Font Gilabert, Joanna Maselko
under revision
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12111
substantially revised version available from the authors soon
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11878
Journal of the European Economic Association, 2020, 18 (6), 3090-3139
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11803
Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11742
Review of Economics and Statistics, 2019, 101(5), 853-864
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11640
R & R, Journal of Political Economy (revised version here)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11596
Under review. See for a substantially revised version, Dec 2020
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11590
R&R Journal of Political Economy. Substantial revision here-
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11292
R&R, Journal of Development Economics
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11274
World Bank Economic Review, (, 'Intimate Partner Violence: The Influence of Job Opportunities for Men and Women'
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11239
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Rachel Brulé, Sanchari Roy
Journal of Development Economics, available online 10 August 2018 (corrected proof)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10938
Journal of Human Resources, forthcoming
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10618
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, forthcoming
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10405
very substantially revised and published as 'Twin Birth and Maternal Condition' in: Review of Economics & Statistics, published online November 02, 2018 - and revised and resubmitted as 'The Twin Instrument: Fertility and Human Capital Investment' in: Journal of the European Economic Association
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10271
Economic Journal, forthcoming. Revised paper in World Bank Policy Research WP series:
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9930
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2019, 11 (2), 295-237
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9679
Journal of Development Economics, 2020 (revised version)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 8969
Journal of the European Economic Association, 2017, 15 (1), 1101 - 1157
IZA Discussion Paper No. 7833
Revised version available from authors. VIDEO (2.5 minutes) based on the paper made by my daughter Sameera Bhalotra Bowers-
IZA Discussion Paper No. 7473
Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, 2014, 104, 4-17
IZA Discussion Paper No. 6216
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2014, 6 (2), 164-97
IZA Discussion Paper No. 6194
American Economic Review, 2012, 102 (3), 273-277
IZA Discussion Paper No. 5371
Journal of Public Economics, 2011, 95 (3-4), 286-299
IZA Discussion Paper No. 5363
Journal of Development Studies, 2012, 48 (2), 145-167
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4879
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Marcela Umana-Aponte
revised version available
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4353
Review of Economics and Statistics, 2013, 95 (2), 660 - 672
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4009
Journal of Health Economics, 2010, 29 (2), 191-204
IZA Discussion Paper No. 3086
Journal of Development Economics, 2010, 93 (1), 7-19
IZA Discussion Paper No. 2914
Health Economics, 2007, 16 (9), 911-928
IZA Discussion Paper No. 2488
published in: Population Studies, 2008, 62 (2), 171-190.
IZA Discussion Paper No. 2251
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, 2006, 169 (4), 829-848
IZA Discussion Paper No. 2163
Journal of Econometrics, 2008, 143 (2), 274-290
IZA Policy Paper No. 38
in: 2014, G.W. Brown, G. Yamey, S. Wamala (eds.):.Handbook of Global Health Policy, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014