October 2020

IZA DP No. 13779: Fired and Pregnant: Gender Differences in Job Flexibility Outcomes after Job Loss

published as 'Gender differences in job flexibility: Commutes and working hours after job loss' in: Journal of Urban Economics, 2022, 129, 1-15

We study whether women and men cope with job loss differently. We use 2006-2017 Dutch administrative monthly microdata and a quasi-experimental design involving job displacement because of firm bankruptcy. We find that displaced women are more likely than displaced men to take up a flexible job with limited working hours and short commutes. However, displaced women experience longer unemployment durations and comparable hourly wage losses. Displaced expectant mothers experience relatively high losses in employment and working hours. Our findings suggest that the costs of job flexibility for displaced female workers come through longer unemployment instead of higher losses in wages.