Sofoklis Goulas is a fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution. Prior to joining Brookings, he was a senior researcher at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Sofoklis has also worked as a researcher or consultant at the Center for Community Capital at the University of North Carolina, the Bank of Greece, and the World Bank. In 2021, He co-founded Aletheia Research Institution, a non-profit organization that conducts research on the labor market access of minorities.

His expertise focuses on economics of education, public economics, and program and policy evaluation. Sofoklis has been the lead researcher on numerous impact evaluations of school choice and school improvement policies. He has engaged in education policy conversations with numerous departments of education and school districts across the US. He has served as an expert witness in education policy at the Senate and the House of Representative of State of Idaho. His research has appeared in academic outlets and policy reports and has received best paper awards. His work has repeatedly received wide media attention from both sides of the Atlantic and has moved the needle of policy across the US.

Sofoklis holds an M.Sc. in Finance and Economics from Warwick Business School in the UK, an MS and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The Fulbright fellowship, the UNC Impact Award for outstanding graduate research, and the Emerging Education Policy Scholarship at the American Enterprise Institute are among his varied honors and scholarships.