May 2012

IZA DP No. 6596: On the Heterogeneity of Terror

published in: European Economic Review, 2014, 68, 116-136

The existing literature on the determinants of terrorism treats terror as a uniform phenomenon and does not distinguish between different types of terror. This paper explicitly addresses the heterogeneity of terror by classifying groups according to their ideologies. We show that the pattern of terror and its determinants differ strongly for different types of terror. We analyze determinants of domestic and international terrorism, for target and origin using the Global Terrorism Database and show that there have been major shifts in terror activity and composition over time.