September 2023

IZA DP No. 16424: The Micro-Foundations of Employment Systems: An Empirical Case Study of Britain and France

Thomas Amossé, Alex Bryson, John Forth, Héloïse Petit

published online in: British Journal of Industrial Relations,17 April 2024

Building on existing studies of national employment systems, we take a multi-dimensional approach to comparative employment relations where the national level remains meaningful but which emphasises within-country dynamics and heterogeneity. Analysing nationally representative workplace surveys for France and Great Britain we contrast the British model characterised by variability and heterogeneity with a French model characterised by stability and uniformity. We discuss ways in which these systems are shaped by differences in employer and employee networks, the financial and organisational links between firms, and other macro-institutions.