Steven Raphael is Professor of Public Policy at UC Berkeley. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates. He also works on the economics immigration, racial inequality, labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. Raphael holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.
He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in March 2009.