Guillermo Cruces (PhD in Economics, LSE) is the deputy director of the Center for Distributive, Labor and Social Studies (CEDLAS) at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina (UNLP). He is also a researcher at Argentina's National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET).

His research is focused on labor economics, distributional analysis and social protection policies in Latin America and the Caribbean. He teaches at the graduate and undergraduate level at the Economics Department of the UNLP, and he is invited professor of labor economics at the Universidad de San Andrés (UdeSA), Argentina. He is in charge of CEDLAS' labor markets program, and he is the project leader of the CEDLAS-based and IDRC-funded research program on Labour markets for inclusive growth in Latin America. He has published in journals such as the Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Public Economics, the Journal of Population Studies, Labour Economics, Journal of Development Studies and Economia, and he has edited books and contributed to collective volumes and reports.

He has worked previously for the UK's Department for Work and Pensions and for the Development Studies Division of the UN’s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. He has also been a researcher at STICERD, London School of Economics and Political Science, where he obtained an MSc and a PhD in Economics. He has also been a visiting scholar at Harvard's David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies (2013).

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in October 2010.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 10197

The disincentive effects of social assistance programs on registered employment are a first order policy concern in developing countries. Means tests determine eligibility with respect to some income threshold, and governments can only verify earnings from registered employment. The loss of benefit at some level of formal earnings is an...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9784
María Laura Alzúa, Guillermo Cruces, Carolina Lopez
published in: Economic Inquiry, April 2016 [early view}

We study the effect of a job training program for low income youth in Cordoba, Argentina. The program included life-skills and vocational training, as well as internships with private sector employers. Participants were allocated by means of a public lottery. We rely on administrative data on formal employment, employment spells...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8198
published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2014, 117, 211-228

This article studies how social insurance programs shape individual's incentives to take up registered employment and to report earnings to the tax authorities. The analysis is based on a social insurance reform in Uruguay that extended healthcare coverage to the dependent children of registered private-sector workers. The identification strategy relies...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6959
María Laura Alzúa, Guillermo Cruces, Laura Ripani
published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2013, 26(4), 1255-1284

This study looks at the effect of welfare programs on work incentives and the adult labor supply in developing countries. The analysis builds on the experimental evaluations of three programs implemented in rural areas: Mexico's PROGRESA, Nicaragua's RPS and Honduras' PRAF. Comparable results for the three countries indicate that the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6244

It has been argued that a factor behind the decline in income inequality in Latin America in the 2000s was the educational upgrading of its labor force. Between 1990 and 2010, the proportion of the labor force in the region with at least secondary education increased from 40 to 60...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6096
published in: World Development, 2012, 40 (2), 303-314

This study investigates the impact of recent crises in Argentina (including the severe downturn of 2001-2002) on health and education outcomes. The identification strategy relies on both the inter-temporal and the cross-provincial co-variation between changes in regional GDP and outcomes by province. These results indicate significant and substantial effects of...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5699
published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2013, 98, 100-112

Individual perceptions of income distribution play a vital role in political economy and public finance models, yet there is little evidence regarding their origins or accuracy. This study examines how individuals form these perceptions and posits that systematic biases arise from the extrapolation of information extracted from reference groups. A...