September 2014

IZA DP No. 8513: Intergenerational Transmission of Unemployment: Evidence for German Sons

published in: Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik), 2016, 235 (4-5), 355–375

This paper studies the association between the unemployment experience of fathers and their sons. Based on German survey data that cover the last decades we find significant positive correlations. Using instrumental variables estimation and the Gottschalk (1996) method we investigate to what extent fathers' unemployment is causal for offspring's employment outcomes. In agreement with most of the small international literature we do not find a positive causal effect for intergenerational unemployment transmission. This outcome is robust to alternative data structures and to tests at the intensive and extensive margin of unemployment.