February 2011

IZA DP No. 5504: Institutions and Entry: A Cross-Regional Analysis in Russia

Randolph Luca Bruno, Maria Bytchkova, Saul Estrin

published in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2013, 95 (5), 1740-1749

We analyse a micro-panel data set to investigate the effect of regional institutional environment and economic factors on Russian new firm entry rates across time, industries and regions. The paper builds on novel databases and exploits inter-regional variation in a large number of institutional variables. We find entry rates across industries in Russia are not especially low by international standards and are correlated with entry rates in developed market economies, as well as with institutional environment and firm size. Furthermore, industries that, for scale or technological reasons, are characterised by higher entry rates experience lower entry within regions affected subject to political change. A higher level of democracy enhances entry rates for small sized firms but reduces them for medium or large ones.