December 2004

IZA DP No. 1447: Venture Capital Investment and Labor Market Performance: New Empirical Evidence for OECD Countries

published in: Keuschnigg, Christian / Kanniainen, Vesa (eds.), Venture Capital, Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, CESifo Seminar Series, MIT Press, Cambridge/MA, 2004, 97-126

Anglo-Saxon countries have been successful in the 1990s concerning labor market performance compared to the former role models Germany and Japan. This reversal in relative economic performance might be related to idiosyncracies in financial markets with bank-based financial markets as in Germany and Japan being possibly inferior to stock-market based financial markets in turbulent times and when approaching the economic frontier. A cleavage is related to venture capital markets which are flourishing on Anglo-Saxon but not on German type financial markets. Venture capital is crucial for financing structural change, new firms and innovations and therefore possibly also nowadays for employment growth.