I am a development economist. My main contributions have been to the economics of entrepreneurship and innovation to better understand the consequences thereof for global development outcomes and challenges. This work has encompassed the relation between state fragility, conflict and entrepreneurship, and between technological innovation, industrialization, trade, economic growth and ecology.


My current work attempts to answer two questions: how do we achieve prosperity for all given energy and ecological challenges, when innovation and entrepreneurship are stagnating? Do Green Growth and Degrowth approaches, perhaps in combination with Artificial Intelligence, offer a way out, or are these all dead-ends?

Forthcoming books:

(1) Economic Growth and Societal Collapse; to be published Nov 2023 by Palgrave Macmillan.

(2) Artificial Intelligence: Economic Perspectives and Models; to be published 2024 by Cambridge University Press.

(3) Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Conflict; to be published2024 by Edward Elgar Publishers.


I am affiliated with RWTH Aachen University, Leiden University, University of Johannesburg and the OECD's AI Policy Observatory.


I joined IZA as a Research Fellow in January 2013.