Ingo Isphording obtained his Ph.D from Ruhr University Bochum in May 2013. His main research interests are labor and education economics, with special emphasis on the formation and impact of individual skills in the labor market and the classroom.

Ingo studied economics and social psychology at Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. After completing his undergraduates and undertaking an Erasmus exchange at the NHH in Bergen, Norway, he obtained a master degree in economics at the University of Duisburg/Essen.

He joined the IZA network as a Research Affiliate in April 2013 and became an IZA Research Associate in September 2013.In September 2016 he became Senior Research Associate.

He is Deputy Program Director of IZA's research area "Education".

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IZA Discussion Paper No. 10417

This paper studies electoral effects of exposure to religious minorities in the context of Muslim communities in Germany. Using unique data on mosques' construction and election results across municipalities over the period 1980-2013, we find that the presence of a mosque increases political extremism. To establish causality, we exploit arguably...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9478
forthcoming in: Journal of Human Resources

In this paper we show that a student's ordinal rank in a high school cohort is an important determinant of engaging in risky behaviors. Using longitudinal data from representative US high schools, and exploiting idiosyncratic variation in the cohort composition within a school, we find a strong negative effect of...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9433
published in: Economics Letters, 2016, 139, 52-56

This paper is the first to estimate a causal effect of immigrant students' reading performance on their math performance. To overcome endogeneity issues due to unobserved ability, we apply an IV approach exploiting variation in age-at-arrival and the linguistic distance between origin and destination country languages. Using four PISA waves,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9121
published in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2017, 35(3), 787-828

We study the impact of a student's ordinal rank in a high school cohort on educational attainment several years later. To identify a causal effect, we compare multiple cohorts within the same school, exploiting idiosyncratic variation in cohort composition. We find that a student's ordinal rank significantly affects educational outcomes...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8846
forthcoming in: Health Economics

We study the impact of language deficiency on the health production of childhood migrants to Australia. Our identification strategy relies on a quasi-experiment comparing immigrants arriving at different ages and from different linguistic origins by utilising a measure of differences along a continuous range of linguistic distances. Our main results...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8572
published in: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), 2015, Pages 260-265

This article summarizes three different strands of the literature that address the labor market effects of language-related human capital. (1) A general importance is demonstrated in the empirical evidence on earnings and employment effects of literacy as the ability to productively use written information. Significant effects are found for developed...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8090
published in: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2014, 105, 30–50.

There are various degrees of similarity between the languages of different immigrants and the language of their destination country. This linguistic distance is an obstacle to the acquisition of a language, which leads to large differences in the attainments of the language skills necessary for economic and social integration in...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7360
shortened version published in: Economics Letters, 2014, 123 (2) 236–239

This study quantifies the disadvantage in the formation of literacy skills of immigrants that arises from the linguistic distance between mother tongue and host country language. Combining unique cross-country data on literacy scores with information on the linguistic distance between languages, gaps in literacy test scores are estimated. Linguistically distant...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7080

This paper uses data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) to study the returns to language skills of child and adult migrants in the US labor market. We employ an instrumental variable strategy, which exploits differences in language acquisition profiles between immigrants from English- and non-English-speaking countries of origin,...