John Winters is Associate Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University. John earned a Ph.D. in Economics from Georgia State University and holds a B.A. in Economics from Mississippi State University. Recent work has examined individual migration decisions, geographic differences in labor market outcomes and quality of life, the effects of state merit scholarship programs, and various aspects of teacher labor markets. His migration research has focused on the migration decisions of college educated persons and students pursuing higher education and he has done work examining the external effects of high human capital workers on local labor markets. His research has been published in journals including Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Human Resources, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Journal of Urban Economics, Journal of Economic Geography, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Journal of Regional Science, and Economics of Education Review.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in May 2012.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 10996

We use the American Community Survey (ACS) to investigate the extent to which college major decisions were affected during and after the Great Recession with special attention to business and STEM fields, as well as the heterogeneity by gender, race/ethnicity and combinations of race/ethnicity and gender. Several conclusions are reached....

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10852
Durba Chakrabarty, Michael J. Osei, John V. Winters, Danyang Zhao

This paper investigates post-2000 trends in homeownership rates in the US by immigrant status, race, and ethnicity. Homeownership rates for most groups examined rose during the housing boom of the early and mid-2000s but fell during and after the housing bust. By 2015 homeownership rates had fallen below year 2000...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10688
published in: Journal of Business Venturing, 2017, 32 (4), 371-384

This paper uses the American Community Survey to examine the previously overlooked fact that foreign STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) graduates have much lower self-employment rates than their non-STEM counterparts, with an unconditional difference of 3.3 percentage points. We find empirical support for differing earnings opportunities as a partial...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10245
published in: Economics Letters, 2016, 147 (October), 160-163.

Reported multiple job holding rates in the U.S. are found to be substantially higher among workers in their first month in the CPS sample (the first rotation group), with rates declining in subsequent rotation groups. True rates should not differ across rotation groups. Using 22 years of CPS data, multiple...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10135
Reilee L. Berger, John V. Winters
published in: Review of Regional Studies, 2016, 46 (3), 281-294

Public schooling in the U.S. has numerous critics, many of whom suggest that alternatives such as providing vouchers for private schools may be more effective. This paper combines decennial census and American Community Survey data for various years to examine the relationship between cohort-level private schooling rates and later earnings...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9920

This paper examines effects of the U.S. Immigration Act of 1990 on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) degree completion and labor market outcomes for native-born Americans. The Act increased the in-flow and stock of foreign STEM workers in the U.S., both by increasing green card allotments and by expanding...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9811
published in: Growth and Change, 2017, 48 (4), 590-610

The United States experienced a considerable increase in oil and natural gas extraction in recent years due to technological advancements including horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Increased energy development likely creates both benefits and costs, but the net effects for local residents are not well understood. This paper examines effects...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9647
published in: Energy Economics, 2017, 62, 283-290

Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM) and a novel method for measuring changes in educational attainment we examine the link between educational attainment and shale oil and gas extraction for the states of Montana, North Dakota, and West Virginia. The three states examined are economically-small, relatively more rural, and have...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9631
published in: Southern Economic Journal, 2017, 84 (1), 26-51

Multiple job holding rates differ substantially across U.S. regions, states, and metropolitan areas. Rates decrease markedly with respect to labor market size. These patterns have been largely overlooked, despite being relatively fixed over (at least) the 1998-2014 period. This paper explores explanations for these persistent differences. We account for over...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9630
published in: IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2016, 5:4

About 5 percent of U.S. workers hold multiple jobs, which can exacerbate or mitigate employment changes over the business cycle. Theory is ambiguous and prior literature is not fully conclusive. We examine the relationship between multiple job holding and local unemployment rates using a large Current Population Survey data set...