David E. Bloom is Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography at the Harvard School of Public Health. During 2011-2, Bloom is Visiting Professor at the Harvard Business School. From September 2001 through August 2011, Bloom served as Chairman of the School's Department of Global Health and Population. He also serves as Director of Harvard University’s Program on the Global Demography of Aging (funded by the National Institute of Aging).

Professor Bloom received a B.S. in Industrial and Labor Relations from Cornell University in 1976, an M.A. in Economics from Princeton University in 1978, and a Ph.D. in Economics and Demography from Princeton in 1981. Prior to joining the public health school faculty in 1996, Bloom served on the public policy faculty at Carnegie-Mellon University, and on the economics faculties at Harvard University and Columbia University. At Columbia, he was a Professor of Economics and the Department Chairman from 1990 to 1993. From 1996 to 1999 he served as Deputy Director of the Harvard Institute for International Development.

Bloom is an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Faculty Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (Programs in Labor Economics, Health Care, and Ageing), and a member of the Book Review Board of Science magazine. Bloom also serves as an Adjunct Trustee at amfAR, a member of the Board of Directors of PSI, and a member of the Steering Committee of the World Demographic Association. Bloom chairs the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Ageing and Society and is former chair of the Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Population Growth. Bloom has published over 350 articles and books. He has written extensively on primary, secondary, and tertiary education in developing countries, labor and employment issues in the US and beyond, environmental quality, and marriage and fertility patterns. His current interests focus mainly on the effects of population health and population dynamics on economic growth and development, the value of vaccination, and on population aging in India.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in February 2012.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 10896

We propose a novel framework to analyse the macroeconomic impact of non-communicable diseases. We incorporate measures of disease prevalence into a human capital augmented production function, which enables us to determine the economic costs of chronic health conditions in terms of foregone gross domestic product (GDP). Unlike previously adopted frameworks,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10639
Laura B. Nolan, David E. Bloom, Ramnath Subbaraman

In India, 52–98 million people live in urban slums, and 59% of slums are "non-notified" or lack legal recognition by the government. In this paper, we use data on 2,901 slums from four waves of the National Sample Survey (NSS) spanning almost 20 years to test the hypothesis that non-notified...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10294

In 2000, Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise was published. This report, cosponsored by The World Bank and UNESCO, came at a time of transition in higher education worldwide and helped shape higher education policy and thinking in several developing countries. This article looks at some of the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10164
David E. Bloom, Elizabeth Mitgang, Benjamin Osher

Individuals aged 65 years and older currently make up a larger share of the population than ever before, and this group is predicted to continue growing both in absolute terms and relative to the rest of the population. This chapter begins by introducing the facts, figures, and forecasts surrounding the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10163
David E. Bloom, Dara Lee Luca

Population ageing is the 21st century's dominant demographic phenomenon. Declining fertility, increasing longevity, and the progression of large-sized cohorts to the older ages are causing elder shares to rise throughout the world. The phenomenon of population ageing, which is unprecedented in human history, brings with it sweeping changes in population...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10162
Arunika Agarwal, Alyssa Lubet, Elizabeth Mitgang, Sanjay Mohanty, David E. Bloom

India, one of the world's two population superpowers, is undergoing unprecedented demographic changes. Increasing longevity and falling fertility have resulted in a dramatic increase in the population of adults aged 60 and up, in both absolute and relative terms. This change presents wide-ranging and complex health, social, and economic challenges,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10161

We assess Africa's prospects for enjoying a demographic dividend. While fertility rates and dependency ratios in Africa remain high, they have started to decline. According to UN projections, they will fall further in the coming decades such that by the mid-21st century the ratio of the working-age to dependent population...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9268

We analyze the economic consequences for less developed countries of investing in female health. In so doing we introduce a novel micro-founded dynamic general equilibrium framework in which parents trade off the number of children against investments in their education and in which we allow for health-related gender differences in...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9143
Pascal Geldsetzer, David E. Bloom, Salal Humair, Till Bärnighausen

HIV continues to cause the largest number of disability-adjusted life years of any disease in HIV hyperendemic countries (i.e., countries with an adult HIV prevalence >15%). We compare the benefits and costs of two proven biological interventions to reduce the health losses due to the HIV epidemic in hyperendemic countries...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7855
David E. Bloom, Salal Humair, Larry Rosenberg, J.P. Sevilla, James Trussell

Managing rapid population growth and spurring economic growth are among the most pressing policy challenges for Sub-Saharan Africa. We discuss the links between them and investigate the potential of family planning programs to address these challenges. Specifically, we estimate the impact of family planning programs on income per capita that...