Dr Nick Drydakis is a Reader (Associate Professor) in Economics at the Lord Ashcroft International Business School of Anglia Ruskin University (ARU, UK), teaching Microeconomics and Macroeconomics and researching labour and population economics.

Nick collaborates with the Centre for Science and Policy at the University of Cambridge as an Academic Expert on labour economics, where he provides expert knowledge to Directors from Whitehall, local government and the European Commission.

In addition, Nick collaborates with the OECD (International Migration Division) as an Expert on labour economics.

Furthermore, Nick is Course Convenor and a Lecturer for the courses (i) The Economics of Inequality, Discrimination, Poverty and Exploitation, and (ii) The Economics of Growth and Development. These are held at the International Programmes Department of the University of Cambridge, Pembroke College (UK).

Nick has developed and offered credit eligible courses which have been delivered to Economics students from Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University and Yale University.

Also, Nick is Spokesperson at the IZA World of Labour for a series of areas such as discrimination, inequality, poverty, exploitation, bullying, disability, health, economic crisis, depression, job satisfaction, sexual orientation, transgenderism, universities quality, and ethnic identity.

Nick is the founding Director of the Centre for Pluralist Economics (CPE) in the Department of Economics and International Business at ARU. The CPE aims to influence economic decision making by examining a wide range of decisions, alternatives and their implications. A particular feature of the CPE is its orientation toward a pluralistic approach; this enhances the understanding of ethical, political, social and trust issues for formulating economic policy.

The CPE focuses on the economics of: competition, discrimination, education, ethics, exploitation, growth, housing markets, innovation, institutional and organisational change, the Internet, law, networks, moral and political philosophy, pluralism, production, and sustainability. ARU and University of Cambridge students are involved in the CPE scholars’ primary research, data collection, software and multivariate analysis and in learning under the supervision of the CPE scholars.

Nick was the founding Director of the Scientific Centre for the Study of Discrimination (SCSD, Athens). Between 2007 and 2017, SCSD developed and implemented a number of questionnaire-based data sets and performed social science research regarding labour and population economics.

The main aim of the SCSD was to evaluate the causes of social inequalities in the European labour market and the possibility that society might remove such inequalities, while exploring the interplay between human capital, health, mental health and social options for action. Undergraduate, postgraduate and research students in the UK, Greece and Cyprus had the opportunity to become involved in Nick’s primary research, data collection, software and multivariate analysis and to learn under Nick’s supervision.

Before joining ARU as a Senior Lecturer in Economics, Nick was a Lecturer in Labour Economics at the University of Patras. Before he joined University of Patras he held Lectureships (Adjunct) at the University of Piraeus, Athens University of Economics and Business, the Panteion University of Social and Political Science, the University of Central Greece, the Technological Educational Institute of Athens, and the University of Patras. Nick has worked as a researcher at the Hellenic Ministry of Defense (Department of Training), and at the University of Crete (BENETec Laboratory).

He received his BSc in Economics from the University of Crete. He received his MSc in Economics from Athens University of Economics and Business. He completed his PhD in Labour Economics at the University of Crete. He completed his PG Cert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (at ARU). He is a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (UK), and a Fellow and Cluster Leader of the GLO.

Nick has published articles in widely renowned journals, including: Economics Letters, Social Science and Medicine, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Labour Economics, Journal of Economics, Journal of Population Economics, Review of Economics of the Household, Applied Economics, Feminist Economics, Applied Economics Letters, European Journal of Health Economics, Urban Studies, Journal of Industrial Relations, Manchester School, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Ethnic and Racial Studies, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, International Journal of Manpower, Human Relations, Economics of Education Review.

Nick’s contribution in the 2014 REF was excellent. He is ready to contribute to the 2021 REF exercise with 4 single-author papers, internationally rated as world leading at the 4 ABS level (4444).

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in May 2011.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 11293
forthcoming in: International Journal of Manpower

Economic pluralism proposes that economists and social planners should consider alternative theories to establish a range of policy actions. Neoclassical, Feminist and Marxian theories evaluate well-grounded causes of wage discrimination. Racist attitudes, uncertainties regarding minority workers' productivity and power relations in lower-status sectors might generate discriminatory wages. Each cause deserves...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11179
forthcoming in: International Journal of Manpower

In the current study, we utilized a correspondent test to capture the way in which firms respond to women who exhibit masculine and feminine personality traits. In doing so, we minimized the potential for reverse causality bias and unobserved heterogeneities to occur. Women who exhibit masculine personality traits have a...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10981
forthcoming in: Economics Letters, 2017

Through a field study we measure differences in employment outcomes between natives, non-natives, and natives with an ethnic-minority background. It is suggested that the joint effect of productivity uncertainties and distastes against ethnic-minority groups should be higher for non-natives than for natives with an ethnic-minority background. However, it is revealed...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10957
forthcoming in: Arenas, A., Di Marco, D., Munduate, L., Euwema, M.C. (Eds.), Shaping Inclusive Workplaces through Social Dialogue. New York: Springer Publishing

Addressing population ageing requires a rise in the activity rates of older workers. In this study, a field experiment for the period 2013-2015 in the UK, suggests that age discrimination persists at alarming levels. It shows that when two applicants engage in an identical job search, the older applicant would...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9826
published in: Economics of Education Review, 2016, 52, 192 - 208

Utilizing data for comparable BSc graduates in economics who have studied in different universities that had set the same entry standards, we compare job seekers' employment prospects when they search by themselves for jobs by submitting CVs to the same firms. The outcomes suggest that graduates who studied in universities...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9426
published online in: Manchester School, 2015, online first

We examine the association between brain types and wages using the UK Behavioural Study dataset for the period 2011 to 2013 (four waves). By applying Empathising-Systemising Theory (E-S), the estimations suggest that, for men and women, systemising traits are associated with higher wage returns than empathising traits and that a...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8742
published in: Social Science and Medicine, 2015, 128, 43-51

The current study uses six annual waves of the Longitudinal Labor Market Study (LLMS) covering the 2008-2013 period to obtain longitudinal estimations suggesting statistically significant negative effects from unemployment on self-reported health and mental health in Greece. The specifications suggest that unemployment results in lower health and the deterioration of...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8741
published in: Human Relations, 2015, 68(11), 1769-1796

Deviations from heteronormativity affect labour market dynamics. Hierarchies of sexual orientation can result in job dismissals, wage discrimination, and the failure to promote gay and lesbian individuals to top ranks. In this paper, I report on a field experiment (144 job-seekers and their correspondence with 5,549 firms) that tested the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8045
published in: Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 2015, 54(1), 162-187

This study investigates the differences in four aspects of job satisfaction between gay men/lesbians and heterosexuals. The analysis results suggest that gay men and lesbians are less satisfied with their jobs, by all job satisfaction measures, than heterosexual employees, all other factors being held constant. Gay men and lesbians who...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7529
published in: International Journal of Manpower, 2015, 36 (2), 192-215

The purpose of this study is to estimate whether sexual activity is associated with wages, and also to estimate potential interactions between individuals' characteristics, wages and sexual activity. The central hypothesis behind this research is that sexual activity, like health indicators and mental well-being, may be thought of as part...