Costanza Biavaschi

Research Fellow

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Costanza Biavaschi is an Associate Professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway). She received her Ph.D. from Rutgers University in October 2011.

Her research interests are in labor economics and applied econometrics, with a focus on return migration, the dynamics of migration choices, and the selection of migrants.

Costanza joined IZA as a Research Associate in September 2011. She was Deputy Program Director for the Migration Area from March 2013 until August 2014 and became a Research Fellow in September 2014.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 10275
revise and re-submit at the Journal of Development Economics

High-skilled workers are four times more likely to migrate than low-skilled workers. This skill bias in migration – often called brain drain – has been at the center of a heated debate about the welfare consequences of emigration from developing countries. In this paper, we provide a global perspective on...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7865

Migrants are typically self-selected from the population of their home country. While a large literature has identified the causes of self-selection, we turn in this paper to the consequences. Using a combination of non-parametric econometrics and calibrated simulation, we quantify the impact of migrant self-selection on per-capita GDP in both...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7861
revised version published in: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2014, 3:7 [Open Access]

Despite the ongoing dialogue on facilitating mobility between the European Union and the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries, very little is known about the magnitude and characteristics of migration from these countries. We find that EaP migrants experience worse labor market outcomes than other migrant groups, but current and potential migrants...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7859
published in: Journal of Human Capital, 2015, 9 (4), 403–438. Pre-publication version available here

While a growing literature has analyzed the effects of parental migration on the educational outcomes of children left behind, this is the first study to highlight the importance of sibling interactions in such a context. Using panel data from the RUMiC Survey, we find that sibling influence on schooling performance...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7725
published in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2017, 35 (4), 1089-1116. Pre-publication version available here. Online appendix available here

We examine the impact of the Americanization of names on the labor market outcomes of migrants. We construct a novel longitudinal data set of naturalization records in which we track a complete sample of migrants who naturalize by 1930. We find that migrants who Americanized their names experienced larger occupational...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7258

Immigration authorities have seldom collected data on the out-migration of the foreign-born. As a consequence, several indirect approaches have been proposed to measure and study out-migration. This paper adds to the literature by using official statistics that directly identify the out-migration by demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Using time series and...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7049
published in: Economics Letters, 2013, 118 (3), 531–534

This paper studies in- and out-migration from the U.S. during the first half of the twentieth century and assesses how these flows affected state-level labor markets. It shows that out-migration positively impacted the wages of remaining workers, while in-migration had a negative impact. Hence, immigrant arrivals were substitutes of the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6890
substantially revised version published in: Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 2013, 9 (1-2), 1-157 [journal version]

This paper focuses on the determinants of the labor market situation of young people in developed countries and the developing world, with a special emphasis on the role of vocational training and education policies. We highlight the role of demographic factors, economic growth and labor market institutions in explaining young...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6795
published in: Labour Economics, 2016, 38 (1), 59-80. Pre-publication version available here

This paper explores the distribution of immigrant wages in the absence of return migration from the host country. In particular, it recovers the counterfactual wage distribution if all Mexican immigrants were to settle in the United States and no out-migration of Mexican-born workers occurred. Because migrants self-select in the decision...

IZA Policy Paper No. 72

Despite the ongoing dialogue on facilitating mobility between the European Union and the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries, very little is known about the magnitude and characteristics of migrants from these countries. This study aims to fill this gap by studying the size and assimilation patterns of EaP migrants in Germany....