Olivier Deschenes

Research Fellow and Program Director

University of California, Santa Barbara

Olivier Deschenes is Professor of Economics at the University of California Santa Barbara, where he is also affiliated with the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management. He is also Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton University.

Deschenes' recent research seeks to determine the potential economic impacts of climate change on human health and agricultural productivity in the U.S. and around the world using historical data. His ongoing research examines the effect of energy prices on labor markets in the context of climate policies, the relationship between extreme temperature and health in India, the impact in utero exposure to extreme weather on prenatal and neonatal infant health, and the effect of temperature and ambient pollution fluctuations on worker productivity.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in May 2011. Since July 2012 he acts as Program Coordinator of IZA’s research area on the Environment and Labor Markets.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11132

This paper uses detailed production data from a half million Chinese manufacturing plants over 1998-2007 to estimate the effects of temperature on firm-level total factor productivity (TFP), factor inputs, and output. We detect an inverted U- shaped relationship between temperature and TFP and show that it primarily drives the temperature-output...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9480

Dynamic adjustments could be a useful strategy for mitigating the costs of acute environmental shocks when timing is not a strictly binding constraint. To investigate whether such adjustments could apply to fertility, we estimate the effects of temperature shocks on birth rates in the United States between 1931 and 2010....

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8915

A critical part of adapting to the higher temperatures that climate change brings will be the deployment of existing technologies to new sectors and regions. This paper examines the evolution of the temperature-mortality relationship over the course of the entire 20th century in the United States both for its own...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7557

Demand for air quality depends on health impacts and defensive investments that improve health, but little research assesses the empirical importance of defenses. We study an important cap-and-trade market, which dramatically reduced NOx emissions, a key ingredient in ozone formation. A rich quasi-experiment reveals that it decreased summertime ozone, pharmaceutical...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 128
published in: Journal of Econometrics, 2005, 125 (1-2), 53-75

In this paper we report the results of the only field test of which we are aware that uses randomized trials to measure whether stricter enforcement and verification of work search behavior alone decreases unemployment claims and benefits paid in the U.S. unemployment insurance (UI) program. These experiments, which we...

IZA Policy Paper No. 62

In recent years the prospect of 'green jobs' or 'green growth' policies have become increasingly prominent, proposed to solve both the environmental challenges associated with global climate change and the persistent unemployment problems observed in many industrialized countries. This short article begins by describing the conceptual, definitional, and measurement issues...

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