Anders Björklund is Professor of Economics at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) at Stockholm University since 1990. He graduated at Stockholm School of Economics in 1981 and has spent one year as a research fellow at Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin and one year as visiting professor at the University of Michigan. From 1990 until 1998 he was a member of the Swedish Economic Council at the Ministry of Finance, and since 2012 he is a member of the Swedish Fiscal Policy Council. He has served as the Director of SOFI during three periods, namely 1992-1994, 2000-2002 and 2009-2015.
His past research has covered several topics in labour economics, such as unemployment duration, program evaluation, the impact of unemployment insurance schemes, wage differentials and job mobility. He is currently working on earnings mobility, the economics of the family and in particular intergenerational mobility and the role of family background. Publications include papers in general economics journals such as American Economic Review, European Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of Economics and Review of Economics and Statistics as well as field journals such as Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Journal of Human Resources, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Population Economics, Journal of Public Economics and Labour Economics.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in January 2000.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 10616

Sweden was early to legalize same-sex partnership (1995), to allow same-sex couples to adopt children (2003), and to offer same-sex couples fertility treatment through the national health system (2005). Using population data, we identify children of lesbian parents as those whose biological mother was a registered same-sex partner no later...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7066
published as "The Contribution of Early-life versus Labour Market Factors to Intergenerational Income Persistence: A Comparison of the UK and Sweden" in: The Economic Journal, 2017, October, F71-F94

Research on intergenerational income mobility has shown stronger persistence between parental and offspring's income in the UK than in Sweden. We use similar data sets for the two countries to explore whether these cross-national differences show up already early in offspring's life in outcomes such as birth weight, grades at...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5466
revised version published in: Social Choice and Welfare, 2012, 39, 675-696

Equality of opportunity is an ethical goal with almost universal appeal. The interpretation taken here is that a society has achieved equality of opportunity if it is the case that what individuals accomplish, with respect to some desirable objective, is determined wholly by their choices and personal effort, rather than...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5425

This paper evaluates the long-term consequences of parental death on children’s cognitive and noncognitive skills, as well as on labor market outcomes. We exploit a large administrative data set covering many Swedish cohorts. We develop new estimation methods to tackle the potential endogeneity of death at an early age, based...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5002
revised version published in: E.A. Hanushek, S. Machin, and L. Woessmann (eds.), Handbook in Economics of Education, Vol. 3, North Holland: 2010, pp. 201-247

In every society for which we have data, people’s educational achievement is positively correlated with their parents’ education or with other indicators of their parents’ socioeconomic status. This topic is central in social science, and there is no doubt that research has intensified during recent decades, not least thanks to...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4305
published in: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy: Contributions to Economic Analysis and Policy, 2010, 10 (1), Article 2

For the purpose of understanding the underlying mechanisms behind intergenerational associations in income and education, recent studies have explored the intergenerational transmission of abilities. We use a large representative sample of Swedish men to examine both intergenerational and sibling correlations in IQ. Since siblings share both parental factors and neighbourhood...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4246
revised version published in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2011, 64(5), 1039-1057

We examine the evolution of the Swedish wage distribution over the periods 1968-1981 and 1981-2000. The first period was the heyday of the Swedish solidarity wage policy with strongly equalization clauses in the central wage agreements. During the second period, there was more scope for firm-specific factors to affect wages....

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3801
revised version published as 'Intergenerational top income mobility in Sweden: Capitalist dynasties in the land of equal opportunity?' in: Journal of Public Economics, 2012, 96 (5-6), 474-484

This paper presents new evidence on intergenerational income and earnings mobility in the top of the distributions. Using a large dataset of matched father-son pairs in Sweden we are able to obtain results for fractions as small as 0.1 percent of the population. Overall, mobility is lower for incomes than...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3735
revised version published as 'What More Than Parental Income, Education and Occupation? An Exploration of What Swedish Siblings Get from Their Parents' in: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy: Contributions to Economic Analysis and Policy, 2010, 10 (1), Article 102

Sibling correlations are used as overall measures of the impact of family background and community influences on individual outcomes. While most correlation studies show that siblings are quite similar in terms of future achievement, we lack specific knowledge of what it is about family background that really matters. Studies on...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3189

This paper examines whether parental marriage confers educational advantages to children relative to cohabitation. We exploit a dramatic marriage boom in Sweden in late 1989 created by a reform of the Widow’s Pension System that raised the attractiveness of marriage compared to cohabitation to identify the effect of marriage. Sweden’s...