Patrick J. Nolen

Research Fellow

University of Essex

Patrick Nolen is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Economics at the University of Essex. He joined the Essex faculty in September 2006.

Previously, Patrick was a PhD student in the Department of Economics at Cornell University and a Thomas J Watson Fellow with the Watson Foundation. His main research interests are labor economics, experimental economics, and development economics.

He graduated from Trinity College in Hartford, CT with a BSc in Mathematics and Economics with Honors in 2000.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in September 2015.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 9424

We conduct a field experiment in 31 primary schools in England to test the effectiveness of different temporary incentive schemes, an individual based incentive scheme and a competitive scheme, on increasing the choice and consumption of fruit and vegetables at lunchtime. The individual scheme has a weak positive effect whereas...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7207

We examine the effect of single-sex classes on the pass rates, grades, and course choices of students in a coeducational university. We randomly assign students to all-female, all-male, and coed classes and, therefore, get around the selection issues present in other studies on single-sex education. We find that one hour...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6400
published in: Economics Letters, 2012, 117 (2), 517 - 520

Risk theories typically assume individuals make risky choices using probability weights that differ from objective probabilities. Recent theories suggest that probability weights vary depending on which portion of a risky environment is made salient. Using experimental data we show that salience affects young men and women differently, even after controlling...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6133
published in: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2014, 99, 126-154

Single-sex classes within coeducational environments are likely to modify students' risk-taking attitudes in economically important ways. To test this, we designed a controlled experiment using first year college students who made choices over real-stakes lotteries at two distinct dates. Students were randomly assigned to classes of three types: all female,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4027
published in: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2012, 81 (2), 542 - 555

Using a controlled experiment, we examine the role of nurture in explaining the stylized fact that women shy away from competition. Our subjects (students just under 15 years of age) attend publicly-funded single-sex and coeducational schools. We find robust differences between the competitive choices of girls from single-sex and coed...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4026
published in: Economic Journal, 2012, 122 (558), F56 - F78

Women and men may differ in their propensity to choose a risky outcome because of innate preferences or because their innate preferences are modified by pressure to conform to gender-stereotypes. Single-sex environments are likely to modify students’ risk-taking preferences in economically important ways. To test this, our controlled experiment gave...