Joseph J. Sabia

Research Fellow

San Diego State University

Joseph J. Sabia is Associate Professor of Economics and Director of Graduate Studies in the Economics Department at San Diego State University.

His research interests are in the economics of health behaviors, the human capital effects of health policy, and the poverty effects of minimum wages. His research has appeared or is forthcoming in such journals as Review of Economics and Statistics, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, the Journal of Human Resources, the Journal of Population Economics, the Journal of Health Economics, American Economic Review (Papers & Proceedings), and the Journal of Policy Analysis & Management.

He received a PhD in Economics from Cornell University in 2004 and has held prior academic appointments at the University of Georgia, American University, and the United States Military Academy-West Point.

Joseph joined IZA as a Research Fellow in April 2015.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 9831
Joseph J. Sabia, Thanh Tam Nguyen

A number of recent studies have found that medical marijuana laws (MMLs) are associated with increased marijuana use among adults, in part due to spillover effects into the recreational market. This study is the first to explore the labor market consequences of MMLs. Using repeated cross-sections of the Current Population...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9830

Despite intense public interest in keeping guns out of schools, next to nothing is known about the effects of gun control policies on youth gun carrying or school violence. Using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) for the period 1993-2013, this study is the first to examine the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9829

Policymakers advocating for later school starting times argue that increased sleep duration may generate important schooling benefits. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the relationship between sleep duration and academic performance, while carefully controlling for difficult-to-measure characteristics at the family- and individual-levels. We...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9201
Joseph J. Sabia, Brittany Bass

This study is the first to comprehensively examine the effect of state anti-bullying laws (ABLs) on youth violence. Using data from a variety of sources – including the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys, Uniform Crime Reports, and newly collected data on school shootings – we find that the enforcement of strict,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9144
published as 'Have Cigarette Taxes Lost their Bite? New Estimates of the Relationship between Cigarette Taxes and Youth Smoking' in: the American Journal of Health Economics, 2017, 3(1), 60-75

Using data from the state and national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys for the period 1991-2005, Carpenter and Cook (2008) found a strong, negative relationship between cigarette taxes and youth smoking. We revisit this relationship using four additional waves of YRBS data (2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013). Our results suggest that...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8935
Published in: Southern Economic Journal, 2016, 83(4), 903-931. doi:10.1002/soej.12181

Using newly collected data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, this study presents new estimates of the earnings effects of sexual orientation in Australia and offers the first empirical investigation of the labour market trajectories of lesbian/gay/bisexual individuals. Our results show that gay males are:...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7034
published in: Health Economics, 2015, 24 (6), 659-671

While migraine headache can be physically debilitating, no study has attempted to estimate its effects on labor market outcomes. Using data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we estimate the effect of migraine headache on labor force participation, hours worked, and wages. We find that migraine headache...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6303
published in: Economics and Human Biology, 2014, [Online First]

Migraine headache is a growing problem for U.S. servicemen deployed in the Global War on Terrorism and has been linked to substantial negative socioeconomic consequences. However, there has been no comprehensive examination of the relationship between combat exposure and migraine headache or its stress-related triggers. Using data drawn from the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6280
published as 'Medical Marijuana Laws and Suicides by Gender and Age' in: American Journal of Public Health, 2014, 104 (12), 2369-2376

Using state-level data for the period 1990 through 2007, we estimate the effect of legalizing medical marijuana on suicide rates. Our results suggest that the passage of a medical marijuana law is associated with an almost 5 percent reduction in the total suicide rate, an 11 percent reduction in the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5781
published in: Economics of Education Review, 2014, 38, 76-88

A number of studies have shown that childhood speech impairments such as stuttering are associated with lower test scores and educational attainment. However, it is unclear whether this result is causal in nature or whether it can be explained by difficult-to-measure heterogeneity at the community, family, or individual level. Using...