Irma Clots-Figueras received her PhD from the London School of Economics in 2006. She is an Associate Professor in Economics at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Her research interests include Development Economics, Labor Economics, Migration, Cultural Economics, and Political Economy. Irma has published in the Economic Journal, the American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, the Journal of Public Economics and the Journal of the European Economic Association.

She joined IZA as a Research Fellow in April 2013.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 11292

Leveraging close elections to generate quasi-random variation in the religious identity of state legislators in India, we find lower rates of female foeticide in districts with Muslim legislators, which we argue reflects a greater (religious) aversion to abortion among Muslims. These districts exhibit increases in fertility that offset the decrease...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7771
Economic Journal, forthcoming. Final version on

This paper analyzes the effect of a woman's electoral victory on women's subsequent political participation. Using the regression discontinuity afforded by close elections between women and men in India's state elections, we find that a woman winning office leads to a large and significant increase in the share of female...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7473
Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, 2014, 104, 4-17

This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. To control for politician identity to be correlated with constituency level voter preferences or characteristics that make religion salient, we use...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6216
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2014, 6 (2), 164-97

We investigate whether politician gender influences policy outcomes in India. We focus upon antenatal and postnatal public health provision since the costs of poor services in this domain are disproportionately borne by women. Accounting for potential endogeneity of politician gender and the sample composition of births, we find that a...