Francine D. Blau is Frances Perkins Professor of Industrial and Labor Relations and Professor of Economics at Cornell University, a Research Associate of the NBER (National Bureau of Economic Research), and a Research Fellow of IZA (the Institute for the Study of Labor).
She received her Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University and her BS from the School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University. Before returning to Cornell in 1994, she was on the faculty at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
Professor Blau has served as President of the Society of Labor Economists (SOLE) and the Labor and Employment Relations Association (LERA), Vice President of the American Economic Association (AEA), President of the Midwest Economics Association (MEA), and Chair of the AEA Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession (CSWEP). She is a fellow of the Society of Labor Economists, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and the Labor and Employment Relations Association. In 2010, she received the IZA Prize for outstanding achievement in labor economics (the first woman to receive this prestigious award), and was awarded the 2017 Jacob Mincer Award by the Society of Labor Economists in recognition of a lifetime of contributions to the field of labor economics. She is also the 2001 recipient of the Carolyn Shaw Bell Award from CSWEP for furthering the status of women in the economics profession. In 2017, she was awarded the Groat Alumni Award for outstanding professional accomplishments from Cornell’s ILR School. She is an Associate Editor of Labour Economics and was formerly an editor of the Journal of Labor Economics and an Associate Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. She serves or has served on numerous Editorial Boards, including the American Economic Review, the Journal of Labor Economics, the Journal of Economic Perspectives, the ILR Review, the Journal of Labor Research, and The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, among others.
Professor Blau has written extensively on gender issues, wage inequality, immigration, and international comparisons of labor market outcomes. She is the author of Equal Pay in the Office and Gender, Inequality, and Wages, and, with Lawrence Kahn, of At Home and Abroad: U.S. Labor Market Performance in International Perspective (recipient of the Richard A. Lester Prize for the outstanding book in labor economics and industrial relations for 2002). She is co-editor of The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration; The Declining Significance of Gender?; and Gender and Family Issues in the Workplace. She is also coauthor, with Anne Winkler, of The Economics of Women, Men, and Work currently in its 8th edition (Oxford University Press)



IZA Discussion Paper No. 11003

In this paper, we use 2008-2013 American Community Survey data to update and further probe Dahl and Moretti's (2008) son preference results, which found evidence that having a female first child increased the probability of single female headship and raised fertility. In light of the substantial increase in immigration, we...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9656
published in: Journal of Economic Literature, 2017, 55(3), 789-865

Using PSID microdata over the 1980-2010, we provide new empirical evidence on the extent of and trends in the gender wage gap, which declined considerably over this period. By 2010, conventional human capital variables taken together explained little of the gender wage gap, while gender differences in occupation and industry...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9534
published in IZA Journal of Migration 4 (December 10, 2015 DOI 10.1186/s40176-015-0048-5

This paper examines evidence on the role of assimilation versus source country culture in influencing immigrant women's behavior in the United States – looking both over time with immigrants' residence in the United States and across immigrant generations. It focuses particularly on labor supply but, for the second generation, also...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7140
published in: American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 2013, 103 (3), 251-256

In 1990, the US had the sixth highest female labor participation rate among 22 OECD countries. By 2010, its rank had fallen to 17th. We find that the expansion of "family-friendly" policies including parental leave and part-time work entitlements in other OECD countries explains 28-29% of the decrease in US...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6921
published in: Barry Chiswick and Paul Miller (eds.): Handbook on the Economics of International Migration, 1B, 2014

We review research on the impact of immigration on income distribution. We discuss routes through which immigration can affect income distribution in the host and source countries, including compositional effects and effects on native incomes. Immigration may affect the composition of skills among the residents of a country. Moreover, immigrants...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6490
published in: Demography, 2013, 50 (2), 493-494

In this paper, we develop a gender-specific crosswalk based on dual-coded Current Population Survey data to bridge the change in the Census occupational coding system that occurred in 2000 and use it to provide the first analysis of the trends in occupational segregation by sex for the 1970-2009 period based...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5890
published in: Journal of Human Capital, 2015, 9 (4), 439-482

In this paper we use New Immigrant Survey data to investigate the impact of immigrant women's own labor supply prior to migrating and female labor supply in their source country to provide evidence on the role of human capital and culture in affecting their labor supply and wages in the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5873
published in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2013, 31 (2, Part 2), 17-58

We use Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics data and data from a 2008 telephone survey of adults conducted by Westat for the Princeton Data Improvement Initiative (PDII) to explore the importance and feasibility of adding retrospective questions about actual work experience to cross-sectional data sets. We demonstrate that having...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3732
published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2013, 26 (2), 405-435

Using 1995–2006 Current Population Survey and 1970–2000 Census data, we study the intergenerational transmission of fertility, human capital and work orientation of immigrants to their US-born children. We find that second-generation women's fertility and labor supply are significantly positively affected by the immigrant generation's fertility and labor supply respectively, with...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3725
published in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2011, 93 (1), 43-58

We use 1980, 1990 and 2000 Census data to study the impact of source country characteristics on the labor supply assimilation profiles of married adult immigrant women and men. Women migrating from countries where women have high relative labor force participation rates work substantially more than women coming from countries...