Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

Policy Fellow

European Central Bank

Melanie joined IZA in January 1999 as IZA's first international research associate, working on papers related to gender discrimination and economic psychology. In 2001, she moved to the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, remaining affiliated with IZA, first as a Research Fellow, and since February 2014 as a Policy Fellow.

Her research spans topics including job satisfaction and quitting intentions in the UK nursing profession, the measurement of real and nominal wage rigidity using micro data, the characterisation of wage bargaining systems in the EU and, most recently, a study of reform reversals in Central and Eastern Europe. She worked as a principal official for the Supervisory Board during the set-up phase of the Single Supervisory Mechanism and as an Adviser in Country Directorate E, in DG-ECFIN, European Commission. Her career has included working on EU-IMF economic programs, macroeconomic projections for EU countries and monetary and fiscal policy.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7814

This paper presents information on labour market mobility in 23 EU countries, using Eurostat's Labour Force Survey (LFS) data over the period 1998-2008. More specifically, it discusses alternative measures of labour market churning; including the ease with which individuals can move between employment, unemployment and inactivity over time. The results...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4631

Using comparable survey data from twelve European countries we investigate households' attitudes towards mortgage indebtedness. We find that a given debt burden creates much higher distress in Southern countries, France and Belgium, where fewer households have a mortgage outstanding relative to countries where a sizeable part of the population uses...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3867
Philip Du Caju, Erwan Gautier, Daphne Momferatou, Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

This paper presents information on wage bargaining institutions, collected using a standardized questionnaire. Our data provide information from 1995 and 2006, for four sectors of activity and the aggregate economy, considering 23 European countries, plus the US and Japan. Main findings include a high degree of regulation in wage setting...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2487
published in: Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2007, 21 (2), 195-214

How do the complex institutions involved in wage setting affect wage changes? The International Wage Flexibility Project provides new microeconomic evidence on how wages change for continuing workers. We analyze individuals’ earnings in 31 different data sets from sixteen countries, from which we obtain a total of 360 wage change...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2257

This paper investigates the determinants of the service sector employment share in the EU-15, for the aggregate service sector, four sub-sectors and twelve service sector branches. Recently, both Europe and the US have experienced an increase in the share of service-related jobs in total employment. Although converging in all European...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1550

This paper looks at the role of part-time work in labour mobility for 11 European countries. We find some evidence of part-time work being used as a stepping stone into full-time employment, but for a small proportion of individuals (less than 5%). Part-time jobs are also found to be more...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1415

A growing part-time employment share has been a main feature of a number of industrialized countries over the past two decades. A considerable variation in the rate of part-time work is evident by gender, age group, industrial sector and occupation. The stylized facts support the view that part-time employment represents...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1361

This paper aims to identify the contribution of the business cycle and structural factors to the development of part-time employment in the EU-15 countries, through the exploitation of both cross-sectional and time series variations over the past two decades. Key results include that the business cycle is found to exert...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 540
published in: Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 2009, 56 (3), 332–352

The design of optimal immigration policy, particularly in the face of the spiralling demand for highly skilled workers, such as IT workers and engineers, is a topical issue in the policy debate as well as the economic literature. In this paper, we present empirical evidence from firm level data collected...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 493

The paper uses data from the International Social Surveys Program (ISSP) to investigate work-related stress among a group of 15 OECD countries. It examines the determinants of work-related stress and explores the importance of work-related stress as a predictor of individuals' quitting behaviour and the rate of absenteeism. We find...

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