Rita Almeida received her Ph.D. in Economics at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona, Spain) in 2003 and joined the Research Department of the World Bank in September 2003. Her research interests include empirical labor economics and development. She has done research on the internationalization of labor markets and economic geography. She is currently working on the effect of training programs on wages and productivity.

She joined IZA as a Research Affiliate in May 2003 and became a Research Fellow in May 2008.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 11151

Between 1999 and 2006, Brazilian cities experienced strong growth in the provision of internet services, driven in part by the privatization of the telecommunications industry. A main concern of policymakers is that digital technology replaces routine, manual tasks, displacing lower-skilled workers. In Brazil, stringent labor market institutions exist to protect...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11016

A major concern with the rapid spread of technology is that it replaces some jobs, displacing workers. However, technology may raise firm productivity, generating more jobs. The paper contributes to this debate by exploiting a novel panel data set for Chilean firms in all sectors between 2007 and 2013. While...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8314
Rita K. Almeida, Marta Lince de Faria

Skills shortages and skill mismatch are a pressing concern for policymakers in several developing countries, and in East Asia specifically. Providing on-the-job training can be an effective policy tool to shape the skills of the existent workforce to the specific needs of the firms. This paper explores a unique data...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8059
forthcoming in: Economic Journal [Online First]

We use a randomized experiment to evaluate a large-scale active labor market policy: Turkey's vocational training programs for the unemployed. A detailed follow-up survey of a large sample with low attrition enables precise estimation of treatment impacts and their heterogeneity. The average impact of training on employment is positive, but...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7358

This paper revisits the question of how trade openness affects labor market outcomes in a developing country setting. We explore the fact that plants face varying degrees of exposure to global markets and to the enforcement of labor market regulations, and rely on Brazil's currency crisis in 1999 as an...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7079
Patrick Premand, Stefanie Brodmann, Rita K. Almeida, Rebekka Grun, Mahdi Barouni

In economies characterized by low labor demand and high rates of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship training has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. This paper presents experimental evidence on a new entrepreneurship track that provides business training and personalized coaching to university students in...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6006
published in: Review of Development Economics, 2012, 16 (4), 540–558

This paper examines how stringent de facto firing regulations affect firm size throughout the developing world. We exploit a large firm level dataset across 63 countries and within country variation in the enforcement of the labor codes in countries with very different de jure firing regulations. Our findings strongly suggest...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5902
published in: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2012, 4 (3), 64-89

Enforcement of labor regulations in the formal sector may drive workers to informality because they increase the costs of formal labor. But better compliance with mandated benefits makes it attractive to be a formal employee. We show that, in locations with frequent inspections workers pay for mandated benefits by receiving...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4981
Rita K. Almeida, Reyes Aterido

This paper analyzes the link between firm size and the investment in job training by employers. Using a large firm level data set across 99 developing countries, we show that a strong and positive correlation in the investment in job training and firm size is a robust statistical finding both...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4474
published in: Asia-Pacific Development Journal, 2010, 17 (1), 63-96

This paper asks whether the increased openness and technological innovation in East Asia have contributed to an increased demand for skills in the region. We explore a unique firm level data set across eight countries. Our results strongly support the idea that greater openness and technology adoption have increased the...