Hugo Ñopo is a Senior Researcher at GRADE, Group for the Analysis of Development, in his hometown Lima, Peru. Previously he was the Lead Economist of the Education Division and Researcher at the Research Department of the Inter-American Development Bank. Before that he was an Assistant Professor at Middlebury College.

He holds a PhD in Economics from Northwestern University, a Masters in Mathematical Economics from Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada (Brazil), and bachelor degrees in Mathematics and Systems Engineering.

Hugo's research interests deal with the use of applied econometric techniques to the understanding of labor markets, educational systems, gender disparities, inequality and poverty; with a focus on Latin America. He joined IZA as a Research Affiliate in March 2003 and became a Research Fellow in March 2004.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11030
Daniel Alonso-Soto, Hugo R. Nopo

Indicators for quality of schooling are not only relatively new in the world but also unavailable for a sizable share of the world's population. In their absence, some proxy measures have been devised. One simple but powerful idea has been to use the schooling premium for migrant workers in the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10884

We exploit time and spatial variation generated by the commodities boom to measure the effect of natural resources on human capital formation in Peru, a country with low governance indicators. Combining test scores from over two million students and district-level administrative data on mining production and the redistribution of mining...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8928

We study the effects of electrification on educational outcomes in Peru by taking advantage of a program that rapidly increased electricity coverage in rural areas. Using household survey panel data from 2007-2010, we document that: i) girls living in treated districts are more likely to be enrolled in school, and...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8477
published in: Higher Education, 2016, 72 (3), 341–361

A growing literature establishes that good teachers are essential for high quality educational systems. However, little is known about teachers' skills formation during their college years. In this paper we use a novel panel data set combining two standardized tests for Colombian students: one that is taken at the end...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6806
published in: International Journal of Educational Development, 2016, 47, 20-32

How much are teachers paid in comparison to those in other professions in Latin America? How have these differences evolved at the turn of the 20th century? This paper reports the evolution, between circa 1997 and circa 2007, of teachers´ salaries vis-à-vis workers in other professional and technical occupations for...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5947
published in: International Journal of Educational Development, 2016, 47, 20-32

This paper documents the extent to which teachers are underpaid vis-à-vis workers in other professional and technical occupations in Latin America circa 2007. These labor earnings differences, attributed to observable socio-demographic and job characteristics, are assessed using a matching methodology (Ñopo, 2008). Teachers' underpayment is found to be stronger than...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5736
Hugo R. Nopo, Nancy Daza, Johanna Ramos
published in: International Journal of Manpower, 2012, 33 (5), 464-513

This paper documents gender disparities in labor earnings for sixty-four countries around the world. Disparities are partially attributed to gender differences in observable socio-demographic and job characteristics. These characteristics are used to match males and females such that gender earnings disparities are computed only among individuals with the same characteristics,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5449
Jose Cuesta, Hugo R. Nopo, Georgina Pizzolitto
published in: Review of Income and Wealth, 2011, 57 (2), 224-246

This paper presents a comparative overview of mobility patterns in 14 Latin American countries between 1992 and 2003. Using three alternative econometric techniques on constructed pseudo-panels, the paper provides a set of estimators for the traditional notion of income mobility as well as for mobility around extreme and moderate poverty...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5086
published in: 'New Century, Old Disparities. Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean', World Bank Publications, 2012

This paper complements the findings of Atal, Ñopo and Winder (2010) on gender and ethnic wage gaps for 18 Latin American countries circa 2005 by analyzing gender wage gaps for the same countries between circa 1992 and circa 2007. During this span the overall gender earnings gaps dropped about 7...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5085
Hugo R. Nopo, Juan Pablo Atal, Natalia Winder
published in: 'New Century, Old Disparities. Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean', World Bank Publications, 2012

This paper surveys gender and ethnic wage gaps in 18 Latin American countries, decomposing differences using matching comparisons as a non-parametric alternative to the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition. It is found that men earn 9-27 percent more than women, with high cross-country heterogeneity. The unexplained pay gap is higher among older,...

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