Björn A. Gustafsson is senior professor at the department of Social Work, Göteborg University. He received his Ph.D. in economics in 1979 at the same university. Previously he was a senior lecturer in public economics at University College at Örebro. Gustafsson has been commissioned by many public authorities to write special reports or contribute to special reports.

Gustafsson's present research covers empirical studies on social assistance, poverty, the distribution of income and immigrants /ethnic minotiries. He has been involved in various comparative studies. One of his research interest the distribution of income and poverty in China.

Gustafsson has published in many journals including Ageing and Society, American Sociological Review, Asian Economic Journal, Cambridge Journal of Economics, China Quarterly, China Economic Review, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics of Transition, European Economic Review, European Journal of Social Work, European Review of Economic History, International Journal of Manpower, International Journal of Social Welfare, Journal of Asian Economics, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Contemporary China, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of International Development, Journal of Population Economics, Labour, Review of Income and Wealth, Scandinavian Journal of Economics and The Developing Economies.

Björn Gustafsson joined IZA as a Research Fellow in October 1999.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11144
forthcomig in Aging and Society, 2018

This paper examines immigrant poverty at an older age in Sweden with an emphasis on late-in-life immigrants. We analyse tax data for the entire Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born population. The poverty status of a household is assessed using two criteria. First, the disposable income of the household in which the person...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10423
published in IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2017, 7:1

This paper analyses how age at immigration to Sweden and getting a first foothold in the labor market is related. We estimate hazard rate models using registry data on all persons who arrived in each of the years 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002. The results show that the number of...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10230
published in Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 2017, 22 (3), 525-546

This paper asks if economic growth and steps towards a market economy have affected earnings gaps between the Han and nine large urban ethnic minorities: Zhuang, Hui, Manchurian, Tujia, Uighur, Miao, Tibetan, Mongol and Korean. It also asks how earnings premiums and earnings penalties have changed for the nine ethnic...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10127
Björn Anders Gustafsson, Xiuna Yang, Gang Shuge, Dai Jianzhong
published in Economic Systems, 2017, 41 (3), 456 - 469

The number of private enterprises in China has grown rapidly, and donations from them are an important source of philanthropy in China today. This paper investigates donations given in 2011 by private enterprises using a survey of data covering all 31 provincial-level units of China. The data show that philanthropy...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9886
published in: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017, 61 (6), 701 - 720

In high-income countries, not completing secondary school often entails a high risk of social exclusion. Using data on young adults born in 1985 that grew up in metropolitan Sweden, we study factors associated with not graduating from upper secondary school at age 21. Our hypothesis is that if a young...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9837
published in Population, Space and Place, 2017, 23 (4)

In this paper, we investigate to what degree young adults live in neighbourhoods that are similar, in terms of relative average household income, to the neighbourhoods in which they grew up. We use regression analysis on register data for all individuals who were born in 1974 and lived in metropolitan...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9018
published in: Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2015, 56 (1), 44-69

This study uses China's Inter-Census Survey 2005 to analyse the extent migration behaviour among 14 large ethnic minority groups and the Han majority. Results show that the probability to migrate to all types of destinations varies by province of origin, decreases by age, and in most cases, by expected income...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8595
published in: Social Indicators Research, 2015, 124 (2), 517-535.

Disparities in length of schooling between the largest Muslim minority in China, the Hui, and the Han majority are investigated. We use household data collected in Ningxia autonomous region in 2007. It is found that compared with Han persons of the same age and gender, Hui persons have shorter educations...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8244
published in China Economic Review, 2014, 30, 419-431

This paper discusses data used in publishing statistics on earnings, the distribution of household income and poverty in China by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which is widely used by policy makers, international agencies and researchers. Unlike many other countries, China until recently had a dual system of household...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8241
published in China Economic Review, 2015, 35, 248-265

Earnings inequality and earnings determination in urban China 2002 and Russia 2003 are compared using samples covering large parts of the two countries. The results from estimated earnings functions are put in perspective of the outcome from a similar comparison made at the end of the 1980s. We confirm that...

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