Xi Chen, Ph.D., is an associate professor of Public Health (Health Policy), of Global Health, of Economics, and of Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Yale University. He is a faculty fellow at the Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies (ISPS), Yale Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Yale Center for Climate Change and Health, Yale Macmillan Center for International and Area Studies, Yale Institute for Network Science (YINS), and a faculty advisor of the Yale-China Association. He is a PEPPER Scholar at Yale Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center. His research endeavors focus on economics and public policies on population aging, and global health systems. Currently, his main research projects involve: 1) Economics of cognitive aging and Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD), using both medical claims data and survey data to investigate how cognitive aging may affect decision-making and healthcare utilization, and ADRD care quality, costs and equity; 2) Pension, retirement policies and health of the aging population; 3) The impact of environmental pollution and climate change on older adults; 4) life course factors and healthy aging.

Professor Chen is a research fellow at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Editor at the Journal of Population Economics, President of the China Health Policy and Management Society (CHPAMS) (2018-2020), fellow at the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and its Cluster Lead in Environment and Human Capital. He is an adjunct professor at Peking University and at SJTU-Yale Joint Health Policy Center of Shanghai Jiaotong University. He consults for the United Nations and the World Bank. He is an alumni affiliate of Cornell Institute on Health Economics, Health Behaviors & Disparities, Cornell Population Center, and Cornell Institute for the Social Sciences. He has served as a grant reviewer for the National Sciences Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), the Research Council of Norway, Guest Editors of Journal of Asian Economics and of China CDC Weekly, and a reviewer for more than 30 peer-reviewed journals.

Professor Chen's work has been recognized through numerous awards, including the Best China Paper from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) (2011), the George Warren Award (2012), the Outstanding Ph.D. Dissertation Award from the AAEA (2013), the MacMillan Faculty Research Award (2013, 2017), USDA-ERS (2008), James Tobin Summer Research Award (2014-2022), the Kempf Award (2017-2018), awards from the National Institute of Health (NIH), the U.S. PEPPER Center Scholar Award (2016), Emerging Scholar and Professional Organization Interdisciplinary Paper Award of the Gerontology Association of America (2019), the Best Abstract Award at the Academy Health Research Meetings (2020). He is a Butler-Williams Scholar at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) (2019). His timely and rigorous economic evaluations on the COVID-19 pandemic won the Kuznets Prize (2021).

His research projects funded by public and private funding sources has resulted in 90+ peer-reviewed publications, such as PNAS, LANCET, PLoS Medicine, LANCET Public Health, JEEM, JoPE, EHP, SSM, JEoA, and AJAE. These studies have been widely covered 1,000+ times in popular media worldwide, such as BBC, CNN, CBS, WSJ, NYT, The Guardian, Financial Times, The Economist, The Washington Post, The Macmillan Report, The Times of London, NPR, NBC News, Reuters, Associated Press, Time Magazine, Fortune, Slate, Forbes, Bloomberg, CNBC, Al Jazeera, World Economic Forum, Science Magazine, Nature, DW, ABC (Australia), ABC (USA), EuroNews, Foreign Policy, FOX News, New Scientist, The Hill, National Geography, Foreign Affairs, The LANCET, RT, Xinhua News Agency, Global Times, and People's Daily, The Scientist Magazine. He is a commentator at BBC, CNN, EuroNews, CGTN. Chen has written opinion pieces for NYT. Chen has been invited by The National Committee on United States China Relations (NCUSCR) as a delegate of U.S. - China Healthcare Dialogue (Track II).

In the past ten years, Professor Chen has supervised more than 30 postdoctoral fellows, PhD students and Yale College students who have won a number of outstanding paper awards. Chen has taught quantitative methods in health economics and health services research, as well as U.S.-China Health Systems at Yale.

Chen obtained a Ph.D. in Applied Economics from Cornell University.


IZA Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 17040
published online as 'Early-Life Circumstances and Racial Disparities in Cognition Among Older Adults in the US' in: JAMA Internal Medicine, 28 May 2024
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16997
Zhuoer Lin, Xuecheng Yin, Becca R. Levy, Yue Yuan, Xi Chen
published online as 'Association of Children's Residential Proximity and Spousal Presence with Lower Modifiable Risk Factors for Dementia among Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment' in: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14 May 2024
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16971
Yuting Zhang, Jin Zhao, Zhangsheng Yu, Guanghai Wang, Jun Zhang, Fan Jiang, Saishuang Wu, Yue Zhang, Donglan Zhang, Xi Chen
published in: Children and Youth Services Review, 2024, 161, 107654
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16838
José M. Aravena, Xi Chen, Becca R. Levy
published online as 'Association between experiencing low healthcare quality and developing dementia' in: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 28 February 2024
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16764
Shutong Huo, Derek Feng, Thomas M. Gill, Xi Chen
published in: China CDC Weekly, 2024, 6 (11), 213-218
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16733
Chi Shen, Xi Chen
published in: China CDC Weekly, 2024, 6(11), 203-207
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16332
Chi Shen, Sha Lai, Qiwei Deng, Dan Cao, Dantong Zhao, Yaxin Zhao, Zhongliang Zhou, Wanyue Dong, Xi Chen
published in: Health & Social Care in the Community, 2023, 6131486
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16319
Liwen Guo, Zhiming Cheng, Massimiliano Tani, Sarah Cook, Jiaqi Zhao, Xi Chen
IZA Discussion Paper No. 16092
forthcoming in: Environment and Development Economics, 2023
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15972
Xin Zhang, Xi Chen, Xiaobo Zhang
forthcoming in: Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2023
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15934
Zhuoer Lin, Mingqi Fu, Xi Chen
published online as 'Self-perceived memory is negatively associated with chronic disease awareness: Evidence from blood biomarker data' in: SSM - Population Health, 9 February 2023
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15839
Xin Zhang, Xun Zhang, Yuehua Liu, Xintong Zhao, Xi Chen
forthcoming in: Journal of Population Economics, 2023
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15511
published as 'The path to healthy ageing in China: a Peking University–Lancet Commission' in :The Lancet Commission Report, 2022, 400 (10367), P1967 - 2006
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15290
Wei Shi, Yun Qiu, Pei Yu, Xi Chen
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15092
Mingqi Fu, Jing Guo, Xi Chen, Boxun Han, Farooq Ahmed, Muhammad Shahid, Qilin Zhang
published in: Frontiers in Public Health, 2022, 9:778084
IZA Discussion Paper No. 15038
Xi Chen, Yun Qiu, Wei Shi, Pei Yu
published in: China Economic Review, 2022, 73, 101800
IZA Discussion Paper No. 14710
Xun Li, Weizheng Lai, Qianqian Wan, Xi Chen
published in: China Economic Review, 2022, 71, 101733
IZA Discussion Paper No. 14098
Yuting Qian, Xi Chen, Diwen Tang, Amy S. Kelley, Jing Li
forthcoming in: Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 2021
IZA Discussion Paper No. 14061
Xi Chen, Annie Fan
pubished as 'The COVID-19 pandemic and the transformation of health policy: a syndemic perspective' in: Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 2021, 19 (3), 239 - 255
IZA Discussion Paper No. 13876
Shanquan Chen, Xi Chen, Stephen Law, Henry Lucas, Shenlan Tang, Qian Long, Lei Xue, Zheng Wang
Published in: BMC Health Services Research 20, 1008 (2020).
IZA Discussion Paper No. 13800
Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Min Su, Han Hu, Zesen Yang, Xi Chen
forthcoming in: BMC Health Services Research
IZA Discussion Paper No. 13460
Xi Chen, Binjian Yan, Thomas M. Gill
forthcoming in: Social Indicators Research, 2020
IZA Discussion Paper No. 13165
Yun Qiu, Xi Chen, Wei Shi
published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2020, 33, 1127 - 1172
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12986
Ziting Wu, Xi Chen, Guoxing Li, Lin Tian, Zhan Wang, Xiuqin Xiong, Chuan Yang, Zijun Zhou, Xiaochuan Pan
forthcoming in: Science of the Total Environment, 2020
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12917
Xi Chen, Chih Ming Tan, Xiaobo Zhang, Xin Zhang
published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2020, 33, 1263 - 1302
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12877
Xin Zhang, Yixuan Wang, Xi Chen, Xun Zhang
published as 'Associations between prenatal sunshine exposure and birth outcomes in China' in: Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 713, 136472
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12873
Binjian Yan, Xi Chen, Thomas M. Gill
published in: Journal of The Economics of Ageing, 2020, 17, 100237
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12843
published in: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 2020, 15, 100233
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12815
published in: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 2020, 15, 100235
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12764
published as 'Linking early life risk factors to frailty in old age: evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study ' in: Age and Ageing, 2020, 49 (2), 208 - 217
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12654
Yan Liu, Xi Chen, Zhijun Yan
forthcoming in: Science of the Total Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134706
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12313
Xin Zhang, Xi Chen, Xiaobo Zhang
longer version forthcoming in: D.Maddison, K. Rehdanz, H. Welsch (eds.): Handbook on Well-being, Happiness, and the Environment
IZA Discussion Paper No. 12115
Rui Wang, Xi Chen, Xun Li
forthcoming in: Journal of Population Economics, 2021
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11921
in press: International Journal of Health Policy and Management (available Online from 04 November 2018)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11708
Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Min Su, Xiao Wang, Dan Li, Dan Wang, Shuyi He, Zihan Hong, Xi Chen
published in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018, 15 (7), 1466
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10860
PAPER 1 (results on smoking) published as 'Do skewed sex ratios among children promote parental smoking? Longitudinal evidence from rural China' in: Journal of Substance Abuse, 2018, 23 (4), 366-370; PAPER 2 (results on alcohol abuse) published as 'Does daughter deficit promote paternal substance use? Evidence from China' in: Journal of Hospital Management and Health Policy, 2018, 2:47
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10731
published in: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 2018, 12, 225 -235
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10662
Xi Chen, Xiaobo Zhang
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10628
Xi Chen, Xiaobo Zhang, Xin Zhang
published as 'The impact of exposure to air pollution on cognitive performance' in: PNAS, 2018, 115 (37), 9193 - 9197.
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10037
published in: Social Science and Medicine, 2019, 220, 411-420.
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10028
Xin Zhang, Xiaobo Zhang, Xi Chen
published in: Ecological Economics, 2017, 137, 29 - 36 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.02.020
IZA Discussion Paper No. 10016
Contemporary Economic Policy, 2016, 34(4): 646–659. doi:10.1111/coep.12161
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9519
China: An International Journal (SSCI), 2016, 14(1): 151-170. Project MUSE, muse.jhu.edu/article/611560
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9482
Review of Economics of the Household, 2017, 15(2), 455-476. DOI: 10.1007/s11150-015-9304-y
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9312
Xin Zhang, Xiaobo Zhang, Xi Chen
pubished as 'Happiness in the air: How does a dirty sky affect mental health and subjective well-being?' in: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2017, 85, 81 - 94 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2017.04.001
IZA Discussion Paper No. 8642
PLoS ONE, 2014, 9(8): e102104. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102104
IZA Discussion Paper No. 8494
International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 2014, 3: 165-169, DOI: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92