Duncan Campbell was Director of the Policy Integration Department of the International Labour Office. He joined the ILO in 1990 from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania where he had been a member of the Management Department faculty and Associate Director of the Center for Human Resources. He joined the ILO with the International Institute for Labour Studies' programme on new industrial organization where his work concentrated on the effects of rising economic openness and the cross-border organization of production and, later, on the economics of labour standards. He spent three years with the ILO's East Asia Multidisciplinary Team in Bangkok, working with ILO constituents largely in Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam, China, and Malaysia on issues relating to wage policy. He returned to the Employment Strategy Department at headquarters in May 2000 with responsibility for the thematic section of World Employment Report 2001 on information and communication technologies and the world of work, and most recently, World Employment Report 2004-05: Employment, Productivity, and Poverty Reduction. He is a citizen of the USA, has an A.B. from Bowdoin College, and holds M.A., M.B.A., and a PhD (with distinction) in Applied Economics and Managerial Science from the University of Pennsylvania.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in June 2006.