June 2012

IZA DP No. 6626: Private Tutoring and the Question of Equitable Opportunities in Turkey

substantially revised version published as 'Private Tutoring and Equitable Opportunities in Turkey: Challenges and Policy Implications' in: Mark Bray and André E. Mazawi (eds.), Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean - Power Dynamics and Implications for Learning and Equity, Mediterranean Journal of Educational Studies, Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2013, Chapter 11, 177-186

This paper focuses on the implications of private tutoring in Turkey for questions of equity regarding the provision of public education, based on an analysis of previously published research. The nature of the private tutoring and its relation to the two national selection examinations in Turkey are also discussed.