IZA DP No. 6001: Do Foreign Experts Increase the Productivity of Domestic Firms?
published in: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2019, 121, 517-546.
While most countries welcome (and some even subsidise) high-skilled immigrants, there is very limited evidence of their importance for domestic firms. To guide our empirical analysis, we first set up a simple theoretical model to show how foreign experts may impact on the productivity and wages of domestic firms. Using matched worker-firm data from Denmark and a difference-indifferences matching approach, we then find that firms that hire foreign experts â€“ defined as employees eligible for reduced taxation under the Danish "Tax scheme for foreign researchers and key employees" â€“ both become more productive (pay higher wages) and increase their exports of goods and services.