IZA DP No. 4179: Optimal Family Policy in the Presence of Moral Hazard, When the Quantity and Quality of Children Are Stochastic
published in: CESifo Economic Studies, 2011, 57 (2), 349-364
We examine the second-best family policy under the assumption that both the number and the future earning capacities of the children born to a couple are random variables with probability distributions conditional on unobservable parental actions. Potential parents take their decisions without taking into account the effects of these actions on the government's future tax revenue. The second-best policy provides parents with credit and insurance, and allows them to appropriate the external benefits of their actions.