IZA DP No. 413: Participation Behavior of East German Women after German Unification
published as 'Why Are Labor Force Participation Rates of East German Women So High?' in: Applied Economics Quarterly, 2005, 51(4), 307-322
The paper studies the determinants of labor force participation by East German women after unification. To isolate the role of preferences on labor force participation from individual characteristics, we develop a panel data model that simultaneously explains participation, employment and wages. The model, estimated for East and West Germany on the basis of the German Socio-Economic Panel, indicates that distinct preferences could explain the regional difference in participation rates at unification. Afterward East German women became less willing to participate, but the negative labor supply trend was offset on the aggregate level by changes in characteristics and wages promoting participation.