IZA DP No. 3608: A Note on the Determinants and Consequences of Outsourcing Using German Data
published in: Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung/Journal of Labor Market Research, 2011, 44(3), 231-244
Using German data from the Institute for Employment Research Establishment Panel, this paper constructs two main measures of outsourcing and examines their determinants and consequences for employment. There are some commonalities in the correlates of the two measures of outsourcing, as well as agreement on the absence of adverse employment effects across all industries. For one specification, however, some negative effects are reported for manufacturing industry, balanced by positive effects for the services sector for another. But there are no indications of survival bias. This is because the association between outsourcing and plant closings is predominantly negative, albeit poorly determined.