Steven Raphael

Research Fellow

University of California, Berkeley

Steven Raphael is Professor of Public Policy at UC Berkeley. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates. He also works on the economics immigration, racial inequality, labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. Raphael holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in March 2009.



IZA Discussion Paper No. 9812
published in: Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2016, 30 (2), 103 - 126
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9420
published in: Southern Economic Journal, 2015, 81 (4), 960–979
IZA Discussion Paper No. 7838
published in: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2016, 664 (1), 196-220
IZA Discussion Paper No. 5682
published in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2014, 96(2), 258-269