IZA DP No. 5580: Cigarette Taxes and the Social Market
published as 'Cigarette Taxes and How Youth Obtain Cigarettes' in: National Tax Journal, 2013, 66 (2), 371-394
Previous researchers have argued that the social market for cigarettes insulates its participants from policies designed to curb youth smoking. Using state Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, we examine whether recent changes in state cigarette taxes affected how young smokers obtained their cigarettes. Our estimates suggest that tax increases reduce youth smoking participation primarily through their effect on third-party purchase, although there is evidence that they are negatively related to borrowing among younger teenagers and negatively related to direct purchase among older teenagers.