IZA DP No. 5296: Addressing the Legacy Costs in an NDC Reform: Conceptualization, Measurement, Financing
published in: Edward Palmer, Robert Holzmann and David Robalino, Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World: Volume 2, Gender, Politics, and Financial Stability, World Bank, 2013, 277-304
The paper provides a framework for the conceptualization, definition and estimation of legacy costs that need to be addressed in a reform that transforms an unfunded defined contribution (NDB) scheme into a notional (or non-financial) defined contribution (NDC) scheme. As the new contribution rate is fixed and, perhaps, reduced, paying for the accrued to date liabilities leaves a financing gap that needs to be estimated and financed, best outside the pension system if a less distorting financing form is available. The paper illustrates the proposed measurement approach with broad estimates under a hypothetical NDC reform in China.