IZA DP No. 5844: Teams or Tournaments? A Field Experiment on Cooperation and Competition among University Students
revised version published as 'Cooperation or Competition? A Field Experiment on Non-Monetary Learning Incentives' in: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 2015, 15 (4), 1753-1792 - DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2014-0109
This paper assesses the effect of two stylized and antithetic non-monetary incentive schemes on studentsâ€™ effort. We collect data from a field experiment where incentives are exogenously imposed, performance is monitored and individual characteristics are observed. Students are randomly assigned to a tournament scheme that fosters competition between coupled students, a cooperative scheme that promotes information sharing and collaboration between students and a control treatment in which students can neither compete, nor cooperate. In line with theoretical predictions, we find that competition induces higher effort with respect to cooperation and cooperation does not increase effort with respect to the baseline. However, this is true only for men, while women do not seem to react to non-monetary incentives.