Francesc Ortega

Research Fellow

Queens College, CUNY

Francesc Ortega is an Associate Professor at Queens College CUNY. His previous appointments were Assistant and Associate Professor at Universitat Pompeu Fabra. His research is on migration, combining methods and theories from labor and international economics.

Francesc received his PhD in Economics from New York University, in 2004.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in March 2008.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11281

This study quantifies the economic effects of two major immigration reforms aimed at legalizing undocumented individuals that entered the United States as children and completed high school: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and the DREAM Act. The former offers only temporary legal status to eligible individuals; the latter provides...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11078

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) is the first large-scale immigration reform to affect undocumented immigrants in the United States in decades and offers eligible undocumented youth temporary relief from deportation and renewable work permits. While DACA has improved the economic conditions and mental health of undocumented immigrants, we do...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10374

Are coastal cities adjusting to rising sea levels? This paper argues that large-scale events have the potential to ignite the process. We examine the effects of hurricane Sandy on the New York City housing market. We assemble a large plot-level dataset with rich geographic data on housing sales in New...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10366
published in: Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2017

This paper provides a quantitative assessment of the economic contribution of unauthorized workers to the U.S. economy, and the potential gains from legalization. We employ a theoretical framework that allows for multiple industries and a heterogeneous workforce in terms of skills and productivity. Capital and labor are the inputs in...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9234
forthcoming in: Labour Economics

This paper empirically analyzes the effects of immigration on the schooling decisions of natives. We employ household-level data for Spain for years 2000-2012, a period characterized by a large immigration wave and a severe recession. Our estimates reveal that Spanish households responded to immigration by increasing their educational expenditures. This...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8778
published in: Gary Freeman and Nikola Mirilovic, editors, Handbook of Migration and Social Policy. Elgar.

This paper reviews the recent literature on the effects of immigration on the public education of the host country, emphasizing the political economy implications. In particular, we are interested on what happens to enrollment in public schools and the quality of education in these schools. Our review of the literature,...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8684

Many U.S. businessmen are vocally in favor of an increase in the number of H-1B visas. Is there systematic evidence that this would positively affect firms' productivity, sales, employment or profits? To address these questions we assemble a unique dataset that matches all labor condition applications (LCAs) – the first...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8342
forthcoming in: European Journal of Political Economy

This paper analyzes the effects of immigration on the education system of the receiving country from a political economy perspective. Specifically, we extend the school-choice model by Epple and Romano (1996b) and Coen-Pirani (2011) by incorporating a subsidy to private schools, a distinguishing feature of Spain's education system. We calibrate...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7778
published in: Barry Chiswick and Paul Miller (eds.): Handbook on the Economics of International Migration, 1B, 2014

This chapter summarizes the main trends, policies and empirical evidence regarding immigration in Europe. We start by providing descriptive evidence on long-term immigration trends and current characteristics of the immigrant populations in various important European destination countries and Europe as a whole. We then discuss key policy issues in the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7325
published as 'Openness and Income: The Roles of Trade and Migration' in: Journal of International Economics, 2014, 92 (2), 231-251

This paper explores the relationship between openness to trade, immigration, and income per person across countries. To address endogeneity concerns we extend the instrumental-variables strategy introduced by Frankel and Romer (1999). We build predictors of openness to immigration and to trade for each country by using information on bilateral geographical...

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