Patrick Arni received his PhD from the Department of Economics at HEC Lausanne. He was recently a visiting scholar at the Center of Labor Economics at UC Berkeley. Previously, he completed the PhD program of the Swiss National Bank Study Center Gerzensee, and he was a visiting scholar at Tilburg University. Patrick obtained a Master's degree from University of Zurich and did additional studies at University of Geneva.

His research focuses on the empirical analysis of public policies and applied microeconometrics. Current fields of application are in labor, education, health and social policy. In particular, he analyzes the effect of the design, incentives and policy programs in unemployment insurance, welfare and other public policies. This includes labor market policies, sanctions & monitoring, benefit schemes etc. Further strands of research are the analysis of job search behavior (like the role of effort decisions, information, networks) and the evaluation of the impacts of beliefs, relative assessments and overconfidence on different economic outcomes.

Further, he specializes in the collection of novel combinations of register and survey data. One current line of projects links different types of large-scale register data in Switzerland, exploring also possible opportunities for "big data" analysis methods. Moreover, he is involved in the design and evaluation of several randomized field experiments in unemployment insurance. Further data projects focus on the development of survey measures for individual beliefs and over-/underconfidence with respect to different economic outcomes. See also the research homepage for further details.

He became an IZA Research Affiliate in November 2010 and was an IZA Research Associate from September 2011 until October 2016.

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Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10353

Enforcing the compliance with job search obligations is a core task of conditional benefit systems like unemployment insurance (UI) or welfare. For targeted policy design, it is key to understand how the enforcement regime affects job search outcomes. This paper provides first estimates that separately identify the effects of increasing...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9617

Empirically, not much is known about the mechanisms how labor market programs like job search assistance and training operate to support finding a job. This paper provides novel evidence to open the "blackbox": it causally links the program interventions to the dynamics of search behavior, beliefs and non-cognitive skills. The...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9457

Public Employment Service (PES) agencies and caseworkers (CW) often have substantial leeway in the design and implementation of active labor market policies (ALMP) for the unemployed, resulting in variation of usage. This paper presents a novel framework in which this variation is used for the joint assessment of different ways...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8951

Job search requirements constrain the effort choice of unemployment insurance recipients by enforcing a minimum number of monthly applications. This paper is the first to assess how individual search effort, job finding and job stability react to this constraint. Standard job search theory predicts that requirements affect each job seeker...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7971
revised version published in: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2014, 3(6), 1-20 [Open Access]

This reference paper describes the sampling and contents of the IZA Evaluation Dataset Survey and outlines its vast potential for research in labor economics. The data have been part of a unique IZA project to connect administrative data from the German Federal Employment Agency with innovative survey data to study...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4509
revised version (including technical online appendix) published in: Journal of Applied Econometrics, 2013, 28 (7), 1153–1178

This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of benefit sanctions, i.e. temporary reductions in unemployment benefits as punishment for noncompliance with eligibility requirements. In addition to the effects on unemployment durations, we evaluate the effects on post-unemployment employment stability, on exits from the labor market and on earnings. In our analysis...

IZA Standpunkt Nr. 70
published in: Wirtschaftsdienst, 2014, 94(6), 403-406 [open access]

Der Beitrag geht auf die Kabinettsfassung des Mindestlohngesetzentwurfs ein. Trotz einiger richtiger Nachjustierungen – wie zum Beispiel die Einführung einer Evaluationsklausel – bleibt der Mindestlohn ein arbeitsmarktpolitisches Großexperiment. Um die Flurschäden am Arbeitsmarkt möglichst gering zu halten, empfehlen die Autoren, Langzeitarbeitslose ein Jahr lang und freiwillige Praktika für Studierende länger...

IZA Standpunkt Nr. 65
fundamentally revised version published in: Schmollers Jahrbuch. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies, 2014, 134 (2), 149-182.

Die deutsche Bundesregierung plant die Einführung eines flächendeckenden Mindestlohns. Dieser Beitrag fasst die vorliegenden nationalen und internationalen Erfahrungen mit Mindestlöhnen zusammen. Er analysiert dabei die Konsequenzen für Beschäftigung und Einkommensverteilung und legt eine Abschätzung der zu erwartenden Wirkungen in Deutschland vor. Eine systematische und unabhängige wissenschaftliche Begleitforschung und Evaluation wird...

IZA Standpunkt Nr. 52
published in: LeGes – Gesetzgebung und Evaluation, 2012/3, 23 (3), 355-386

Wirkungsevaluationen stehen oft vor der Herausforderung, Kausalität zwischen der betrachteten neuen Politikmassnahme und den resultierenden Outcomes herzustellen. Mangelnde Vergleichbarkeit zwischen der Programmgruppe (neue Politik) und der Kontrollgruppe (Status Quo) macht oft eine kausale Interpretation der gefundenen Effekte schwierig (sind wirklich Programmeffekte oder eher Selektionseffekte für das Ergebnis verantwortlich?). Randomisierung –...

IZA Research Report No. 71
Summary report of three scientific studies; mandated by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), Bonn 2016 (100 pages)
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