Solomon W. Polachek is a Distinguished Professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton (Binghamton University), where he has taught since 1983. He is also a Professional Fellow (2017-2019) in the Business at Liverpool Hope University. At Binghamton, he holds appointments in the Economics and Political Science Departments, and from 1996-2000 he served as Dean of the Arts and Sciences College. His Ph.D. is from Columbia University, and he has had post-doctoral fellowships at the University of Chicago (1972 -1973) and Stanford University (1979-1980).

Polachek's prime research contributions span two areas. First is the application of life-cycle models to labor economics. Here Polachek was the first to illustrate how life-cycle human capital models explain male-female wage differentials. His extensions of this work modified traditional human capital models by introducing human capital heterogeneity to explain gender-based occupational segregation. In another application, he imbedded search, job choice, and geographic location into the human capital model, enabling him to gain insight into the analysis of geographic and job mobility including how search over the life-cycle can explain migration periodicity. A byproduct of the empirical work led to an econometric technique to estimate buyer and seller information about wages and prices. Polachek's research in this area constitutes over 150 journal articles, book chapters and conference presentations, including the book The Economics of Earnings (Cambridge University Press) 1993 written with W. Stanley Siebert. Polachek has testified about the policy implications of this research to various governmental committees and policy boards, and many of the implications have been described in the popular press including the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times.

Second is the integration of economics and political science to explain conflict and cooperation among nations. This research has been widely received in the political science field leading to over 20 publications and conference presentations. In recognition of this work, Polachek was chosen to serve on editorial boards of Conflict Management and Peace Science (since 1989), the International Studies Quarterly (1989-1995) and as co-editor of Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy (since 1993). Polachek was elected President of the Peace Science Society (International) serving from 1999-2000. Although primarily devoted to applying economics tools to international relations, this research has implications regarding industrial relations, particularly union wage negotiations and strike activity.

Polachek has presented seminars and workshops at over 50 universities and research centers world-wide, and has visited Bar-Ilan University, Catholic University of Leuven, Erasmus University, Tel Aviv University, the Tinbergen Institute, the University of Michigan, Kasetsart University (Thailand), and Princeton University for extended stays. In the past, he served on the Editorial Board of SUNY Press and the Board of Editors of the Journal of Income Inequality. Currently is Series Editor of Research in Labor Economics and is an Associate Editor of the Review of Economics of the Household.

Solomon Polachek joined IZA as a Research Fellow in December 2000.

Filter

Publications

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7335
Solomon Polachek, Tirthatanmoy Das, Rewat Thamma-Apiroam
published as 'Micro and Macro Implications of Heterogeneity in the Production of Human Capital' in: Journal of Political Economy, 2015, 123(6), 1410-1455

We derive a tractable nonlinear earnings function which we estimate separately for each individual in the NLSY79 data. These estimates yield five important parameters for each individual: three ability measures (two representing the ability to learn and one the ability to earn), a rate of skill depreciation, and a time...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5662
published in: Economics of Education Review, 2011, 30 (6), 1202-1214

This paper relaxes the assumption of homogeneous rates of return to schooling by employing nonparametric kernel regression. This approach allows us to examine the differences in rates of return to education both across and within groups. Similar to previous studies we find that on average blacks have higher returns to...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4762
published in: Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 2011, [iFirst]

Current empirical growth models limit the determinants of country growth to geographic, economic, and institutional variables. This study draws on conflict variables from the Correlates of War (COW) project to ask a critical question: How do different types of conflict affect country growth rates? It finds that wars slow the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3883
published in: International Organization, 2010, 64 (1), 133-144

This paper shows that the opportunity costs resulting from economic interdependence decrease the equilibrium probability of war in an incomplete information game. This result is strongly consistent with existing empirical analyses of the inverse trade-conflict relationship, but is the opposite of the conclusion reached by Gartzke et al. (2001), who...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3407
published in: American Economic Review, 2008, 98 (2), 49-53

This paper adopts a generalized-difference-in-difference (GDD) technique outlined in Ariel R. Belasen and Solomon W. Polachek (IZA Discussion Paper #2976) to examine the impact of hurricanes on the labor market. We find that earnings of the average worker in a Florida county rises over 4% within the first quarter of...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3181
published in: Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 2008, 4 (3), 165-272

In 1958 Jacob Mincer pioneered an important approach to understand how earnings are distributed across the population. In the years since Mincer’s seminal work, he as well as his students and colleagues extended the original human capital model, reaching important conclusions about a whole array of observations pertaining to human...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2976
published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2009, 44 (1), 251 - 276

Exogenous shocks often impact a local labor market more than at the national level. This study improves upon the standard Difference in Difference (DD) approach by examining exogenous shocks using a Generalized Difference in Difference (GDD) econometric approach that identifies the effects of shocks resulting from hurricanes. Based on the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2170
published in: T. Sandler and K. Hardley (eds.), Handbook of Defense Economics Vol. 2, Elsevier 2007

At least since 1750 when Baron de Montesquieu declared "peace is the natural effect of trade," a number of economists and political scientists espoused the notion that trade among nations leads to peace. Employing resources wisely to produce one commodity rather than employing them inefficiently to produce another is the...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1988
John Robst, Solomon Polachek, Yuan-Ching Chang
published in: Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2007, 24 (1), 1-24

This paper examines the interactive effect of distance and trade on international conflict and cooperation. The effect of geographic distance depends on trade, while the effect of trade varies with geographic distance. Trade reduces conflict to a greater extent when dyads are geographically close, but has a greater effect on...

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1882
Daniel J. Henderson, Alexandre Olbrecht, Solomon Polachek
published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2006, 41(3), 558-577

This paper investigates how students' collegiate athletic participation affects their subsequent labor market success. It uses newly developed distributional tests to establish that the wage distribution of former college athletes is significantly different from non-athletes and that athletic participation is a significant determinant of wages. Additionally, by using newly developed...

Type
Display
Type