Elaina Rose is an Associate Professor of Economics and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Women Studies at the University of Washington. She is also affiliate of the Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, the Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences the South Asia Center. She received her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1993.

Her research interests include the economics of the family and labor economics. She has written several papers on the effect of child gender on household behavior in India and the United States. Other work relates to the relationship between family roles and labor market outcomes, marriage markets and the determinants and consequences of military service.

She joined IZA as a Research Fellow in April 2009.