IZA DP No. 9893: Developments in Undernutrition in Indian Children Under Five: A Decompositional Analysis
published as 'Changes in Child Nutrition in India: A Decomposition Approach' in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019, 16 (10), 1815
This study uses two waves (2004â€“2005 and 2011â€“2012) of the nationally representative Indian Human Development Survey to conduct a systematic decompositional analysis of the demographic and socio-economic factors contributing to undernutrition among children under five in India. The analytic method combines three types of decomposition: Blinder-Oaxaca, non-linear, and unconditional quantile. Child undernutrition is measured by z-scores for height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height (WHZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), and for the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF). Although our results show modest improvements on some measures, undernutrition among India's young children remains widespread. The improvements we do identify are partly attributable to changes in household wealth and maternal characteristics like body mass index and education.