IZA DP No. 8960: Decentralizing Education Resources: School Grants in Senegal
published as ' School Grants and Education Quality: Experimental Evidence from Senegal' in: Economica, first published January 24, 2019
The impact of school resources on the quality of education in developing countries may depend crucially on whether resources are targeted efficiently. In this paper we use a randomized experiment to analyze the impact of a school grants program in Senegal, which decentralized a portion of the country's education budget. We find large positive effects on test scores at younger grades that persist at least two years. We show that these effects are concentrated among schools that focused funds on human resources improvements rather than school materials, suggesting that teachers and principals may be a central determinant of school quality.