IZA DP No. 598: Credit Market Constraints and Labor Market Decisions
published in: Labour Economics, 2003, 10 (5), 681-703
In this paper, we examine whether imperfections in credit markets spill over to other markets, particularly the labor market. We take the case of Italy, a country that experienced changes in the mortgage market brought about by the 1992 European unification and other institutional shifts. These events make Italy a good laboratory to study the effects of financial markets on the labor market. Using a simultaneous equation framework and household data from the Bank of Italy between 1989 and 1993, we estimate the relationship between female participation and mortgage use. We find a significant impact of mortgages on women’s participation in the labor market.