Coping with aging societies and increasing migration flows
Many people are concerned about the consequences of changes in the compositional characteristics of societies, such as an aging population and increasing migration flows. Explaining how demographic change affects labor markets, in particular, our analyses also aim to outline ways to deal with these challenges.
IZA examines how, for example, the characteristics of working life can be adapted to a rising life expectancy by providing aging-friendly workplaces. We propose ways to fill labor shortages through demand-oriented education and qualification as well as an improved activation of the workforce potential of women, workers with disabilities, or immigrants.
IZA is also strongly involved in the social and economic discourse on immigration issues. We develop concepts for immigration policies from which both migrants and the host society can benefit. Analyzing the economic and social integration of migrants, we provide an empirical basis for an active integration policy.
Our current work focuses on:
• Refugee integration
• Fiscal effects of immigration
• Controlled immigration