Social Contacts and the Economic Performance of Immigrants: A Panel Study of Immigrants in Germany
Agnieszka Kanas, Barry R. Chiswick, Tanja van der Lippe, Frank van Tubergen
published in: International Migration Review, 2012, 46 (3), 680-709
Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we examined the impact of social contacts on immigrant occupational status and income. In addition to general social contacts, we also analyzed the effects of bonding (i.e., co-ethnic) and bridging (i.e., interethnic) ties on economic outcomes. Results show that general social contacts have a positive effect on the occupational status and, in particular, annual income of immigrants. We also find that bridging ties with Germans lead to higher occupational status, but not to increased income. These effects remain visible even when social contacts are measured (at least) one year prior to the economic outcomes, as well as when earlier investments in German human capital are considered. Finally, we show that co-ethnic concentration in the region of residence weakly affects economic returns to German language proficiency and schooling.
Text: See Discussion Paper No. 5775