Assessing the social consequences of globalization in terms of employment and income distribution is a hot issue among academics and policymakers. An IZA Discussion Paper authored in 2006 by Eddy Lee (ILO) and Marco Vivarelli (Catholic University of Milano and IZA) has put forward an articulated investigation of both theoretical prescriptions and available empirical evidence on the topic. The main result is that the optimistic Heckscher-Ohlin/Stolper-Samuelson predictions do not apply. In other words, increasing trade and foreign direct investment in a developing country does not automatically lead to employment creation nor to a decrease in within-country inequality.
front: Hershbein, Bailey, Miller back: Zimmermann, Giulietti
At the traditional IZA reception during the Annual Meeting of the Allied Social Science Associations (ASSA), held in Philadelphia in January 2014, IZA Director Klaus F. Zimmermann and Research Director Corrado Giulietti presented the 2013 IZA Young Labor Economist Award to Martha Bailey (University of Michigan), Brad Hershbein (Upjohn Institute) and Amalia Miller (University of Virginia) for their article "The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception, Fertility Timing and the Gender Gap in Wages" (American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2012).
The award-winning paper shows that the narrowing of the gender gap in the 1980s can be traced back to a revolution in the flexibility and family planning possibilities brought about by legal access to the contraception pill. This allowed women to "opt in" the labor market, accumulate more education, and enter into higher paid jobs.
Mortensen pioneered the theory of job search and search unemployment and extended this to study labor turnover, research and development, personal relationships, and labor reallocation. His insight that friction is equivalent to the random arrival of trading partners has become the leading technique for analysis of labor markets and the effects of labor market policy. The development of equilibrium dynamic models designed to account for wage dispersion and the time series behavior of job and worker flows were the principal topics of his latest research.
"Dale was an inspiration to us all. His work is of great relevance for policy makers around the world who are looking for ways to address unemployment. He will be deeply missed by the IZA network and beyond," said IZA Director Klaus F. Zimmermann.
With a number of new appointments, IZA will further expand its activities in research and policy advice.
As of January 2014, Werner Eichhorst, currently Deputy Director of Labor Policy at IZA, will become Director of Labor Policy Europe. He has a strong record of comparative labor market research and will be mainly responsible for our collaboration with various European institutions, such as the European Parliament, the European Commission, the OECD, ILO, national governments and central banks. Jo Ritzen (Maastricht University) will continue to support our European activities as IZA Senior Advisor Policy.
Alexander Spermann, currently a Director at Randstad Germany, will be appointed as IZA Director of Labor Policy Germany starting in April 2014. Before joining Randstad, he was head of the labor market department at ZEW Mannheim. He has made important contributions early on to the academic and public debate on German labor market reforms. At IZA he will coordinate the activities in policy evaluation and policy advice in Germany, with a particular focus on lifelong learning.
In March 2014, Alessio Brown will join IZA as Director of Strategy and Research Management. He has held various positions at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy and is Executive Director of the Kiel Global Economic Symposium. His research covers reform policies in welfare states. Brown will support the IZA Director in shaping and implementing the institute's global research strategy and its various activities around the globe while continuing with his research.
"We believe that these personnel decisions will underscore and enhance IZA's leading role in global labor market research and policy advice," said IZA Director Klaus F. Zimmermann. Other key management positions at IZA will remain unchanged. In addition, as recently announced, four senior scholars are coming to IZA as long-term Visiting Research Fellows.
New Research Fellows and Affiliates of the past three months