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IZA - Facts & Figures

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In response to the growing demand for up-to-date statistics, this section of the IZA website provides "Facts and Figures" on relevant labor market issues. They include national and international economic indicators as well as a survey of forecasts by German economic research institutes. The content is constantly updated, expanded and supplemented by comments. This page is targeted not only at economists, but also at interested individuals from the media, politics, business, universities and schools. We welcome any comments or suggestions to expand our service.
 
Latest Economic Forecasts
Unemployment
Unemployment Rates
Employment
Employment Rates
Non-Employment Rates
Labor Force Participation Rates
Working Time
Occupational Training
Labor Unions & Strikes
Wages & Labor Costs
Migration & Foreign Nationals
Labor Market Policies
Growth
 

Latest Economic Forecasts

     Employment
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2015   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2014   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2013 & 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2012 & 2013
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2011 & 2012
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2010 & 2011
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Employment (National), 2009 & 2010
     Registered Unemployment
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2015   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2014   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2013 & 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2012 & 2013
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2011 & 2012
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2010 & 2011
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Registered Unemployment, 2009 & 2010
     Unemployment Rate
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2015   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2014   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2013 & 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2012 & 2013
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2011 & 2012
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2010 & 2011
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: Unemployment Rate, 2009 & 2010
     Growth
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2015   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2014   last update: German Council of Economic Experts, November 12, 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2013 & 2014
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2012 & 2013
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2011 & 2012
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2010 & 2011
     Economic Forecasts for Germany: GDP Growth (real), 2009 & 2010
 

Unemployment

     Absolute
     Unemployment in Germany, 1960-2014   last available data: October 2014
 

Unemployment Rates

     Unemployment Rates in the G7 Countries
     Unemployment Rates
     ...by Age
     Unemployment Rates of 15 to 24-year-olds
     Unemployment Rates of 25 to 54-year-olds
     Unemployment Rates of 55 to 64-year-olds
     ...by Gender
     Unemployment Rates of Men
     Unemployment Rates of Women
     ...by Age and Gender
     Unemployment Rates of 15 to 24-year-old Men
     Unemployment Rates of 25 to 54-year-old Men
     Unemployment Rates of 55 to 64-year-old Men
     Unemployment Rates of 15 to 24-year-old Women
     Unemployment Rates of 25 to 54-year-old Women
     Unemployment Rates of 55 to 64-year-old Women
     ...by Qualification
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2011
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2010
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2009
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2008
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2006
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2005
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2004
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2003
     Unemployment Rates by Qualification in 2002
     ...by Qualification and Gender
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2011
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2010
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2009
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2008
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2006
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2005
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2004
     Unemployment Rates of Men by Qualification in 2003
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2011
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2010
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2009
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2008
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2006
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2005
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2004
     Unemployment Rates of Women by Qualification in 2003
     Long-term Unemployment Rates
     Long-Term Unemployment Rate (1 Year or Longer)
     ...by Gender
     Long-Term Unemployment Rate (1 Year or Longer) of Men
     Long-Term Unemployment Rate (1 Year or Longer) of Women
     Unemployment Rates in Germany
...by Qualification
     Unemployment Rate by Qualification 1975 to 2012
     ...by Qualification and Gender
     Unemployment Rate by Qualification 1975 to 2012 [Males]
     Unemployment Rate by Qualification 1975 to 2012 [Females]
     Unemployment Rate by Nationality
     Unemployment Rate: Total and Foreign Nationals, 1972-2013
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2012)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2011)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2010)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2009)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2008)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2007)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2006)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2005)
     Unemployment Rate of Native and Foreign Workers in International Comparison (2004)
 

Employment

     Employment
     Employment in Germany, 1965-2013
     Self-employed persons in Germany, 1950-2007
     Self Employment/Population Ratios in 2007
     Employment by Sector
     Employment by Sector in Germany, 1950-2013
     Employment, Age Group: 15-64, by Sector for 2003
     Employment, Age Group: 15-64, by Sector for 2002 Compared to 1982
     Employment by Sector & Gender
     Employment, Age Group: 15-64, by Sector for 2003 [Males]
     Employment, Age Group: 15-64, by Sector for 2003 [Females]
     Fixed-Term Contracts
     Share of employees with fixed-term contracts, 1983-2013
     Mini-Jobs
     Regular employment and mini-jobs in Germany, 1999-2014
 

Employment Rates

     Employment Rates in the G7 countries
     Employment/Population Ratios
     ...by Age
     Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24-year-olds
     Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-olds
     Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-olds
     ...by Gender
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women
     ...by Age and Gender
     Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24-year-old Men
     Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-old Men
     Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-old Men
     Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24-year-old Women
     Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-old Women
     Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-old Women
     ...by Qualification
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2011
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2010
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2009
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2008
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2006
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2005
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2004
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2003
     Employment/Population Ratios by Qualification in 2002
     ...by Qualification and Gender
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2011
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2010
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2009
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2008
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2006
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2005
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2004
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2003
     Employment/Population Ratios of Men by Qualification in 2002
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2011
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2010
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2009
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2008
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2006
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2005
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2004
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2003
     Employment/Population Ratios of Women by Qualification in 2002
     Employment Rates by Nationality
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2012)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2011)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2010)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2009)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2008)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2007)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2006)
     Employment / Population ratios of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2005)
 

Non-Employment Rates

     Non-employment Rates in the G7 countries
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios
     ...by Age
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24-year-olds
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-olds
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-olds
     ...by Gender
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of Men
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of Women
     ...by Age and Gender
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24-year-old Men
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-old Men
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-old Men
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 15 to 24 year-old Women
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 25 to 54-year-old Women
     Non-Employment/Population Ratios of 55 to 64-year-old Women
 

Labor Force Participation Rates

     Labor Force Participation Rates in the G7 countries
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 15 to 64-year-olds
     ...by Age
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 15 to 24-year-olds
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 25 to 54-year-olds
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 55 to 64-year-olds
     ...by Gender
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women
     ...by Age and Gender
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 15 to 24-year-old Men
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 25 to 54-year-old Men
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 55 to 64-year-old Men
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 15 to 24-year-old Women
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 25 to 54-year-old Women
     Labor Force Participation Rates of 55 to 64-year-old Women
     ...by Qualification
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2011
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2010
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2009
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2008
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2006
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2005
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2004
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2003
     Labor Force Participation Rates by Qualification in 2002
     ...by Qualification and Gender
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2011
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2010
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2009
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2008
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2006
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2005
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2004
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2003
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Men by Qualification in 2002
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2011
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2010
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2009
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2008
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2006
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2005
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2004
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2003
     Labor Force Participation Rates of Women by Qualification in 2002
     Labor Force Participation Rate by Nationality
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2012)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2011)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2010)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2009)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2008)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2006)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2005)
     Labor Force Participation Rate of Natives and Foreigners in International Comparison (2004)
 

Working Time

     Working hours in Germany
     Total employment: working hours at work place in Germany, 1998-2013
     Total employment: working hours by sector in Germany, 1991-2013
     Average Hours Worked
     Average Annual Working Time
     Part-Time Rates
     Part-Time Work as a Share of Total Employment
     Part-Time Rates by Gender
     Part-Time Work of Men as a Share of Total Employment
     Part-Time Work of Women as a Share of Total Employment
 

Occupational Training

     Apprenticeship-Development
     Apprenticeship-Development in Germany, 1992-2013
     Apprenticeship-Development in West-Germany, 1992-2013
     Apprenticeship-Development in East-Germany including Berlin, 1992-2013
 

Labor Unions & Strikes

     Union Density
     Union Density in International Comparison, 1985-2000
     Union Density in Germany, 1991-2001
     Working Hours Lost Due to Strikes
     Average Annual Loss of Working Days Due to Strikes per 1000 employees in Germany, 1993-2013
     Annual Loss of Working Days Due to Strikes in international comparison (2000-2008)
     Annual Loss of Working Days Due to Strikes by Sector in international comparison (2000-2007)
 

Wages & Labor Costs

     Unit Labor Cost
     Unit labor cost in international comparison, 1992-2012
     Tax Burden, Gross & Net Income
     Average Gross/Net Income per Employee and Tax Burden
in Germany, 1976-2013
     Absenteeism
     Unemployment Rate and Absenteeism in Germany, 1974-2013
     Cost of Working Time Reductions
     Development of Wage & Salary Indexes
 

Migration & Foreign Nationals

     Immigrant Share of Resident & Working Population
     Share of Foreign Nationals in the German Population
     Foreign Nationals with Permanent Residence in Germany, 1991-2012
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2009)
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2008)
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2007)
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2006)
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2005)
     Foreign Labor Force in International Comparison (2004)
     Share of Foreigners in the Overall Population in European Comparison
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors in 2012
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors in 2011
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors in 2007
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors (average of 2005 and 2006)
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors (average of 2004 and 2005)
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors (average of 2003 and 2004)
     Employment of Foreign Nationals by Sectors (average of 2002 and 2003)
     Immigration
     Immigration in Germany in Thousand, 1955-2012
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2012
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2011
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2010
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2009
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2008
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2007
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2006
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2005
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2004
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2003
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2002
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2001
     Net Immigration in International Comparison for 2000
 

Labor Market Policies

     Labor Market Policies
     Labor Market Policies - Overview   last available data: October 2014
     Hartz IV Legislation
     Job Opportunities according to Hartz IV Act (One-Euro Jobs)
     Community service
     Bridging Allowance, Start-up subsidy and New start-up subsidy
     Bridging Allowance, Start-up subsidy and New start-up subsidy, 2000-2014
     Job-creation schemes
     Job-creation schemes, 1991-2013
     Job-creation schemes (differentiated between German Social Codes), 2006-2013
 

Growth

     GDP
     Real GDP, 1990-2015
 

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