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Diese Seite wird von Steffen Altmann betreut.

Was macht manche Beschäftigungsverhältnisse erfolgreicher als andere bzw. warum scheitern Arbeitsverhältnisse? Inwieweit können Politik und Gesetzgebung aktiv zu einer Verbesserung der Erfolgschancen von bestehenden und neuen Arbeitsverhältnissen beitragen? Neue Forschungsergebnisse haben zu einem besseren Verständnis der psychologischen Funktionsweisen von Anreizsystemen beigetragen und gezeigt, dass neben dem Einkommen und dessen empfundener "Fairness" diverse andere Faktoren wie das Arbeitsumfeld, die Arbeitnehmermoral, die Sicherheit des Arbeitsplatzes das Arbeitnehmerverhalten unmittelbar beeinflussen. Das IZA untersucht diese Fragestellungen im Rahmen seines Forschungsschwerpunkts zur Verhaltens- und Personalökonomie. Die gewonnenen Ergebnisse können einerseits Unternehmen wertvolle Informationen über ein adäquates Personalmanagement liefern, andererseits erhält die Politik Hinweise zur Verbesserung bestehender Gesetze und Regulierungen.

Kontaktadresse für allgemeine Informationen zu diesem Programm: persecon@iza.org

An diesem Programmbereich beteiligte Wissenschaftler:
Prof. Dr. Alpaslan Akay, Visiting Research Fellow
Dr. Steffen Altmann, Senior Research Associate

Kooperierende Wissenschaftler:
Dr. Patrick Arni, Senior Research Associate
Prof. Dr. Marco Caliendo, Program Director and Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Arnaud Chevalier, Visiting Research Fellow
Dr. Anne C. Gielen, Senior Research Associate
Prof. Dr. Peter J. Kuhn, Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Hartmut Lehmann, Program Director and Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Núria Rodríguez-Planas, Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Massimiliano Tani, Senior Research Associate
Caroline Wehner, Resident Research Affiliate

Liste aller IZA Research Fellows und Affiliates, die mit diesem Forschungsbereich kooperieren

Armin Falk,
Programmdirektor, University of Bonn

Tel.: +49-228-73-9240
Email: armin.falk@uni-bonn.de
Steffen Altmann,
Stellv. Programmdirektor, IZA

Tel.: +49-228-38 94 403
Email: altmann@iza.org


Recent Discussion Papers
Selected Publications


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Understanding Default Effects: Psychological Foundations, Economic Consequences and Implications for Public Policy

Auftraggeber: Volkswagen Foundation
Projektbeginn: 01.04.2011
Projektleiter: Steffen Altmann (IZA)
Teilnehmer: Ann-Kathrin Crede (IZA),  Armin Falk (University of Bonn and IZA),  Andreas Grunewald (University of Bonn),  Paul Heidhues (University of Bonn),  Rajshri Jayaraman (European School of Management and Technology (ESMT)),  Nicolas Kaufung (IZA),  ,  Christian Traxler (Hertie School of Governance)
Kurzbeschreibung: In many important situations of economic and social life, people make choices that are embedded into a system of non-binding default rules. These default options specify what happens if a decision maker stays passive and omits making an active decision. Although from a traditional economic perspective default rules should not influence decisions, a growing body of literature documents substantial effects of default rules on behavior, e.g., in decisions on retirement savings, registration for organ donation, or purchasing of cars and other consumption goods.

The research project aims at enhancing our understanding of such default effects, their economic consequences, and policy implications. The following questions will be addressed: Why do non-binding default rules influence behavior? Are there systematic differences in the degree to which defaults affect individual behavior? How does the specification of defaults interact with other environmental factors, such as the complexity of the decision environment or the identity of the institution that implements the default rule? What are the welfare implications of default rules? In particular, can and should defaults be used as an instrument of public policy in the spirit of a “libertarian paternalistic” policy approach, and is there need for regulating the use of default rules by companies in order to protect consumers? The questions will be analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that relies on economic theory and behavioral experiments and integrates insight from cognitive psychology and neurobiology.
Letzte Änderung: 05.09.2013
Zeige ältere Projekte

Aktuelle Discussion Papers

Nr. Autor(en) Titel Datum PDF Link zum Abstract
8389 Elvira Andersson, Petter Lundborg, Johan Vikström Income Receipt and Mortality: Evidence from Swedish Public Sector Employees August 2014 Abstract
8384 Willie Belton, Yameen Huq, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere Diversity and Social Capital in the U.S: A Tale of Conflict, Contact or Total Mistrust? August 2014 Abstract
8381 Steve Gibbons, Olmo Silva, Felix Weinhardt Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment August 2014 Abstract
8374 Gautam Hazarika, Chandan Kumar Jha, Sudipta Sarangi The Role of Historical Resource Constraints in Modern Gender Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis August 2014 Abstract
8371 Lex Borghans, Bart H.H. Golsteyn, Ulf Zölitz Parental Preferences for Primary School Characteristics
(forthcoming in: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy (Contributions), 2014)
August 2014 Abstract
8370 Hani Mansour, Terra McKinnish Same-Occupation Spouses: Preferences and Search Costs August 2014 Abstract
8369 Jeffrey P. Carpenter, Peter Hans Matthews, Benjamin Tabb Progressive Taxation in a Tournament Economy August 2014 Abstract
8368 Rudi Stracke, Uwe Sunde Dynamic Incentive Effects of Heterogeneity in Multi-Stage Promotion Contests August 2014 Abstract
8360 Alex Bryson, John Forth, Lucy Stokes The Performance Pay Premium: How Big Is It and Does It Affect Wage Dispersion? Juli 2014 Abstract
8356 Jens Bonke, Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen Do Preferences Impact Behavior and Wellbeing? A Panel Study of Preferred and Actual Working Time 2001-2008/09 Juli 2014 Abstract
8355 Didier Fouarge, Ben Kriechel, Thomas Dohmen Occupational Sorting of School Graduates: The Role of Economic Preferences
(forthcoming in: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization)
Juli 2014 Abstract
8354 Olga Skriabikova, Thomas Dohmen, Ben Kriechel New Evidence on the Relationship between Risk Attitudes and Self-Employment
(forthcoming in: Labour Economics)
Juli 2014 Abstract
8349 Christophe Jalil Nordman, Laure Pasquier-Doumer Transitions in a West African Labour Market: The Role of Family Networks Juli 2014 Abstract
8345 Daniele Checchi, Gianni De Fraja, Stefano Verzillo Publish or Perish? Incentives and Careers in Italian Academia Juli 2014 Abstract
8344 Daniele Checchi, Gianni De Fraja, Stefano Verzillo And the Winners Are... An Axiomatic Approach to Selection from a Set Juli 2014 Abstract
8340 Rokhaya Dieye, Habiba Djebbari, Felipe Barrera-Osorio Accounting for Peer Effects in Treatment Response Juli 2014 Abstract
8337 Marco Caliendo, Robert Mahlstedt, Oscar A. Mitnik Unobservable, but Unimportant? The Influence of Personality Traits (and Other Usually Unobserved Variables) for the Evaluation of Labor Market Policies Juli 2014 Abstract
8333 Nadia Campaniello, Theodoros Diasakos, Giovanni Mastrobuoni Rationalizable Suicides: Evidence from Changes in Inmates' Expected Length of Sentence Juli 2014 Abstract
8323 David Jinkins Conspicuous Consumption in the United States and China Juli 2014 Abstract
8320 Stijn Baert, Sarah De Visschere, Koen Schoors, Eddy Omey First Depressed, Then Discriminated Against? Juli 2014 Abstract
Alle Discussion Papers dieses Bereichs

Ausgewählte Publikationen

Journal Articles:

Armin Falk, James J. Heckman "Lab Experiments Are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences", in: Science, 2009, 326 (5952), 535 - 538.
Johannes Abeler, Steffen Altmann, Sebastian Kube, Matthias Wibral "Gift Exchange and Workers' Fairness Concerns: When Equality Is Unfair", in: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2010, 8(6).
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "Are Risk Aversion and Impatience Related to Cognitive Ability?", in: American Economic Review, 2010, 100(3), 1238-1260.
David A. Jaeger, Holger Bonin, Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "Direct Evidence on Risk Attitudes and Migration", in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2010, 92(3), 684-689.
Sebastian Goerg, Sebastian Kube, Ro'i Zultan "Treating Equals Unequally: Incentives in Teams, Workers' Motivation and Production Technology", in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2010, 28 (4), 747 - 772.
Johannes Abeler, Armin Falk, Lorenz Goette, David Huffman "Reference Points and Effort Provision", in: American Economic Review, 2011, 101 (2), 470-492.
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk "Performance Pay and Multidimensional Sorting: Productivity, Preferences, and Gender", in: American Economic Review, 2011, 101 (2), 556-590.
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes", in: Review of Economic Studies, 2012, 79 (2), 645-677.
Steffen Altmann, Armin Falk, Matthias Wibral "Promotions and Incentives: The Case of Multi-Stage Elimination Tournaments", in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2012, 30 (1), 149-174.
Lorenz Götte, David B. Huffman, Stephan Meier, Matthias Sutter "Competition Between Organizational Groups: Its Impact on Altruistic and Anti-Social Motivations", in: Management Science, 2012, 58 (5), 948-960.
Steffen Altmann, Armin Falk, Andreas Grunewald, David B. Huffman "Contractual Incompleteness, Unemployment, and Labor Market Segmentation", in: Review of Economic Studies, 2014, 81(1), 30-56.

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