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Verhaltens- und Personalökonomie

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Diese Seite wird von Steffen Altmann betreut.

Was macht manche Beschäftigungsverhältnisse erfolgreicher als andere bzw. warum scheitern Arbeitsverhältnisse? Inwieweit können Politik und Gesetzgebung aktiv zu einer Verbesserung der Erfolgschancen von bestehenden und neuen Arbeitsverhältnissen beitragen? Neue Forschungsergebnisse haben zu einem besseren Verständnis der psychologischen Funktionsweisen von Anreizsystemen beigetragen und gezeigt, dass neben dem Einkommen und dessen empfundener "Fairness" diverse andere Faktoren wie das Arbeitsumfeld, die Arbeitnehmermoral, die Sicherheit des Arbeitsplatzes das Arbeitnehmerverhalten unmittelbar beeinflussen. Das IZA untersucht diese Fragestellungen im Rahmen seines Forschungsschwerpunkts zur Verhaltens- und Personalökonomie. Die gewonnenen Ergebnisse können einerseits Unternehmen wertvolle Informationen über ein adäquates Personalmanagement liefern, andererseits erhält die Politik Hinweise zur Verbesserung bestehender Gesetze und Regulierungen.

Kontaktadresse für allgemeine Informationen zu diesem Programm: persecon@iza.org

An diesem Programmbereich beteiligte Wissenschaftler:
Dr. Steffen Altmann, Senior Research Associate

Kooperierende Wissenschaftler:
Dr. Patrick Arni, Research Associate
Prof. Dr. Marco Caliendo, Program Director and Visiting Research Fellow
Dr. Anne C. Gielen, Senior Research Associate
Prof. Dr. Peter J. Kuhn, Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Hartmut Lehmann, Program Director and Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Núria Rodríguez-Planas, Visiting Research Fellow
Prof. Dr. Massimiliano Tani, Senior Research Associate

Liste aller IZA Research Fellows und Affiliates, die mit diesem Forschungsbereich kooperieren

Armin Falk,
Programmdirektor, University of Bonn

Email: armin.falk@uni-bonn.de
Steffen Altmann,
Stellv. Programmdirektor, IZA

Tel.: +49-228-38 94 403
Email: altmann@iza.org


Recent Discussion Papers
Selected Publications


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Understanding Default Effects: Psychological Foundations, Economic Consequences and Implications for Public Policy

Auftraggeber: Volkswagen Foundation
Projektbeginn: 01.04.2011
Projektleiter: Steffen Altmann (IZA)
Teilnehmer: Ann-Kathrin Crede (IZA),  Armin Falk (University of Bonn and IZA),  Andreas Grunewald (University of Bonn),  Paul Heidhues (University of Bonn),  Rajshri Jayaraman (European School of Management and Technology (ESMT)),  Nicolas Kaufung (IZA),  Lennart Rehm (IZA),  Christian Traxler (Hertie School of Governance)
Kurzbeschreibung: In many important situations of economic and social life, people make choices that are embedded into a system of non-binding default rules. These default options specify what happens if a decision maker stays passive and omits making an active decision. Although from a traditional economic perspective default rules should not influence decisions, a growing body of literature documents substantial effects of default rules on behavior, e.g., in decisions on retirement savings, registration for organ donation, or purchasing of cars and other consumption goods.

The research project aims at enhancing our understanding of such default effects, their economic consequences, and policy implications. The following questions will be addressed: Why do non-binding default rules influence behavior? Are there systematic differences in the degree to which defaults affect individual behavior? How does the specification of defaults interact with other environmental factors, such as the complexity of the decision environment or the identity of the institution that implements the default rule? What are the welfare implications of default rules? In particular, can and should defaults be used as an instrument of public policy in the spirit of a “libertarian paternalistic” policy approach, and is there need for regulating the use of default rules by companies in order to protect consumers? The questions will be analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that relies on economic theory and behavioral experiments and integrates insight from cognitive psychology and neurobiology.
Letzte Änderung: 05.09.2013
Zeige ältere Projekte

Aktuelle Discussion Papers

Nr. Autor(en) Titel Datum PDF Link zum Abstract
8116 Miki Kobayashi, Emiko Usui Breastfeeding Practices and Parental Employment in Japan
(forthcoming in: Review of Economics of the Household, 2014)
April 2014 Abstract
8112 Christian Grund Gender Pay Gaps among Highly Educated Professionals: Compensation Components Do Matter April 2014 Abstract
8109 Tim Friehe, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch Crime and Self-Control Revisited: Disentangling the Effect of Self-Control on Risk and Social Preferences April 2014 Abstract
8108 Wendelin Schnedler, Christoph Vanberg Playing 'Hard to Get': An Economic Rationale for Crowding Out of Intrinsically Motivated Behavior
(forthcoming in: European Economic Review)
April 2014 Abstract
8107 Michal Bauer, Nathan Fiala, Ian Levely Trusting Former Rebels: An Experimental Approach to Understanding Reintegration after Civil War April 2014 Abstract
8105 Michela Ponzo, Vincenzo Scoppa Does the Home Advantage Depend on Crowd Support? Evidence from Same-Stadium Derbies April 2014 Abstract
8104 Gary Charness, Francesco Feri, Miguel A. Meléndez-Jiménez, Matthias Sutter Experimental Games on Networks: Underpinnings of Behavior and Equilibrium Selection
(slightly revised version forthcoming in: Econometrica)
April 2014 Abstract
8102 Marco Alberto De Benedetto, Maria De Paola Candidates' Quality and Electoral Participation: Evidence from Italian Municipal Elections April 2014 Abstract
8099 Daniel Avdic, Petter Lundborg, Johan Vikström Learning-by-Doing in a Highly Skilled Profession When Stakes Are High: Evidence from Advanced Cancer Surgery April 2014 Abstract
8098 John W. Budd, Aaron J. Sojourner, Jaewoo Jung Are Voluntary Agreements Better? Evidence from Baseball Arbitration April 2014 Abstract
8097 Olivier Godart, Holger Görg, Aoife Hanley Trust-Based Work-Time and Product Improvements: Evidence from Firm Level Data April 2014 Abstract
8096 Michael Gibbs, Susanne Neckermann, Christoph Siemroth A Field Experiment in Motivating Employee Ideas April 2014 Abstract
8089 Corrado Giulietti, Jackline Wahba, Yves Zenou Strong versus Weak Ties in Migration April 2014 Abstract
8070 Laurens Cherchye, Thomas Demuynck, Bram De Rock, Frederic Vermeulen Household Consumption When the Marriage Is Stable März 2014 Abstract
8060 Liam Delaney, Günther Fink, Colm P. Harmon Effects of Stress on Economic Decision-Making: Evidence from Laboratory Experiments März 2014 Abstract
8058 Vojtech Bartos, Michal Bauer, Julie Chytilová, Filip Matejka Attention Discrimination: Theory and Field Experiments with Monitoring Information Acquisition März 2014 Abstract
8055 Michael Kosfeld, Susanne Neckermann, Xiaolan Yang Knowing that You Matter, Matters! The Interplay of Meaning, Monetary Incentives, and Worker Recognition März 2014 Abstract
8050 Charlene M. Kalenkoski, Donald J. Lacombe Using Spatial Econometric Techniques to Analyze the Joint Employment Decisions of Spouses März 2014 Abstract
8046 Christophe Jalil Nordman, Julia Vaillant Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar März 2014 Abstract
8045 Nick Drydakis Effect of Sexual Orientation on Job Satisfaction: Evidence from Greece
(revised version forthcoming in: Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society)
März 2014 Abstract
Alle Discussion Papers dieses Bereichs

Ausgewählte Publikationen

Journal Articles:

Armin Falk, James J. Heckman "Lab Experiments Are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences", in: Science, 2009, 326 (5952), 535 - 538.
Johannes Abeler, Steffen Altmann, Sebastian Kube, Matthias Wibral "Gift Exchange and Workers' Fairness Concerns: When Equality Is Unfair", in: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2010, 8(6).
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "Are Risk Aversion and Impatience Related to Cognitive Ability?", in: American Economic Review, 2010, 100(3), 1238-1260.
David A. Jaeger, Holger Bonin, Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "Direct Evidence on Risk Attitudes and Migration", in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2010, 92(3), 684-689.
Sebastian Goerg, Sebastian Kube, Ro'i Zultan "Treating Equals Unequally: Incentives in Teams, Workers' Motivation and Production Technology", in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2010, 28 (4), 747 - 772.
Johannes Abeler, Armin Falk, Lorenz Goette, David Huffman "Reference Points and Effort Provision", in: American Economic Review, 2011, 101 (2), 470-492.
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk "Performance Pay and Multidimensional Sorting: Productivity, Preferences, and Gender", in: American Economic Review, 2011, 101 (2), 556-590.
Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde "The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes", in: Review of Economic Studies, 2012, 79 (2), 645-677.
Steffen Altmann, Armin Falk, Matthias Wibral "Promotions and Incentives: The Case of Multi-Stage Elimination Tournaments", in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2012, 30 (1), 149-174.
Lorenz Götte, David B. Huffman, Stephan Meier, Matthias Sutter "Competition Between Organizational Groups: Its Impact on Altruistic and Anti-Social Motivations", in: Management Science, 2012, 58 (5), 948-960.
Steffen Altmann, Armin Falk, Andreas Grunewald, David B. Huffman "Contractual Incompleteness, Unemployment, and Labor Market Segmentation", in: Review of Economic Studies, 2014, 81(1), 30-56.

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