While most research in labor economics focuses on the US and Western Europe, the majority of the world’s population and particularly of the poor and the youth live in countries where labor markets often work quite differently. To stimulate and promote research on employment and labor economics in low and middle income countries, the World Bank and IZA initiated in 2006 a work program on “Employment and Development”. Since 2006, the annual conference on Employment and Development provides an important platform for researchers around the world and policy experts to discuss new research findings and identify areas where further work is needed. IZA and the World Bank will organize the 7th annual conference in New Delhi, this year in partnership with the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) and Delhi University (DSU), on November 5-7, 2012.
The special theme of this year’s conference is Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship. The global financial and economic crisis of 2008-09 has clearly shown that youth are particularly vulnerable to economic shocks in all countries and that, even when the economy picks up again, access to productive and rewarding jobs remains difficult for many new labor market entrants, both in developed and developing countries. High incidence of unemployment and informal work combined with low wages and difficult working conditions are only some of the labor market challenges youth are facing across the world. Improving school-to-work and unemployment-to-work transitions requires action on various fronts, from ensuring investment in early childhood and formal education, especially among disadvantaged youth, to fostering a good match between skills thought in school and those needed in the market, to reducing the cost of employing youth for firms and boosting the employability of the long-term unemployed or under-employed in precarious and informal activities. In addition, for many self-employment working in small family/household enterprises is the only viable option. Furthermore, youth can face even more constraints than adult entrepreneurs to start-up a new economic activity, given their lack of work experience and social networks, dependency on others for material support, their lack of collateral or an insufficient credit history needed to apply for a loan. There are multiple knowledge gaps on the best policy interventions to promote youth entrepreneurship or help those who are already in a given business to expand it and increase earnings.
The thematic sessions include:
The design of social assistance and social insurance policies and their role in promoting human capital investment and improving labor market outcomes especially among disadvantaged youth;
The design of vocational education and training programs to promote higher employability and productivity for youth.
The design of activation and active labor market policies for youth;
The role of labor market policy and institutions in alleviating the constraints to the creation of productive and rewarding jobs for youth;
The challenges youth entrepreneurs are facing and the role of the regulatory framework, entrepreneurial education and business assistance.
Previous IZA / World Bank conferences have been held in Berlin, Bonn, Cape Town, Mexico City and Skhirat (Morocco) and have attracted prestigious researchers and policymakers from a wide variety of developed and developing countries, including keynote speeches of Francois Bourguignon, Ottaviano Canuto, Marcel Fafchamps, Gary Fields, Richard B. Freeman, Laurence Kotlikoff, Santiago Levy, Jan Svejnar and Tarik Yousef.
The programs from these past events can be found online at: http://www.iza.org/development
Marco Manacorda (Queen Mary, University of London and IZA), Andrea Vigorito (University of the Republic of Uruguay), Veronica Amarante (University of the Republic of Uruguay), Marianna Zerpa (University of the Republic of Uruguay)
Financial Incentives and Youth Employment
Tara Vishwanath (World Bank)
Cally Ardington (University of Cape Town), Anne Case (Princeton University and IZA), David Lam (University of Michigan and IZA), Murray Leibbrandt (University of Cape Town and IZA), Alicia Menendez (University of Chicago)
Neil Rankin (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg), James Levinsohn (Yale University), Gareth Roberts (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg), Volker Schöer (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg)
"Wage Subsidies and Youth Employment in South Africa: Evidence from a Randomised Control Trial"
Tara Vishwanath (World Bank), Matthew Groh (World Bank), Nandini Krishnan (World Bank), David McKenzie (World Bank and IZA)
Aradhna Aggarwal (National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER)), Geraint Johnes (Lancaster University), Ricardo Freguglia (Federal University of Juiz de Fora), Gisele Spricigo (University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos)
Shankar Acharya (ICRIER) Pablo A. Acosta (World Bank and IZA) Farzana Afridi (Indian Statistical Institute and IZA) Aradhna Aggarwal (National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER)) Isher Judge Ahluwalia (ICRIER) Alpaslan Akay (IZA) Rita K. Almeida (World Bank and IZA) Faisal Al-Sarraj (Ministry of Labor, Saudi Arabia) Diego Angel-Urdinola (World Bank) Cally Ardington (University of Cape Town) Arup Banerji (World Bank and IZA) Yusuf Soner Baskaya (Central Bank of Turkey) Kaushik Basu (World Bank and IZA) Mahjabin Banu (Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur) Emily Beam (University of Michigan) Vipul Bhatt (James Madison University) Sambit Bhattacharyya (University of Sussex) Haroon Bhorat (University of Cape Town) András Bodor (World Bank) Tilman Brück (Humboldt University Berlin and IZA) Marco Caliendo (University of Potsdam and IZA) Ducan Campbell (ILO International Labor Organization and IZA) Francisco Campos (World Bank) Sandrine Cazes (ILO Inernational Labor Organization and IZA) Yoonyoung Cho (World Bank) Martin T. Clemens (IZA) Arjan De Haan (International Development Research Centre (IDRC)) Alejandro del Valle (Paris School of Economics) Tomislav Delinic (Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Germany) Ashwini Deshpande (Delhi School of Economics) Evan Due (International Development Research Centre (IDRC)) Werner Eichhorst (IZA) Sonja Fagernäs (University of Sussex) Adel M. Fakeih (Minister of Labor, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) Paolo Falco (University of Oxford) David Faulkner (National Treasury, Republic of South Africa) Benjamin Fomba Kamga (University of Yaounde II and IZA) Xavier Fontaine (Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques) Louise Fox (World Bank) Francesca Francavilla (OECD) Jason Gagnon (OECD) Luana Marques Garcia Ozemela (Inter-American Development Bank) Esther Gehrke (German Development Institute) Gianna Claudia Giannelli (University of Florence and IZA) T. H. Gindling (University of Maryland, Baltimore County and IZA) Corrado Giulietti (IZA) Susan Godlonton (University of Michigan) Deepti Goel (Delhi School of Economics and IZA) Jessica Goldberg (University of Maryland) Michael Grimm (University of Passau and IZA) Prashant Gupta (Swansea University) Mary Hallward-Driemeier (World Bank) Stefanie Heyne (University of Mannheim) Assogba Hodonou (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Benin) Mohammed Ikwan (Ministry of Labor, Saudi Arabia) Clement Imbert (Paris School of Economics) Asadul Islam (Monash University) Narendra Jadhav (Planning Commission, Government of India) Ravi Kanbur (Cornell University and IZA) Rajat Kathuria (ICRIER) Tara Kaul (University of Maryland) Michael J. Kendzia (IZA) Jochen Kluve (Humboldt University Berlin, RWI and IZA) Alexander S. Kritikos (University of Potsdam, DIW Berlin and IZA) Julia Kubny (KfW Development Bank ) Natalia Kyui (Paris School of Economics) Phiona Laker (Ministry of Finance, Uganda) David Lam (University of Michigan and IZA) Kim Lehrer (University of Oxford and IZA) Roland Leudjou (PCI International Consulting) Shi Li (Beijing Normal University and IZA) Florencia López Bóo (Inter-American Development Bank and IZA) Manjula M. Luthria (World Bank) Kanika Mahajan (Indian Statistical Institute) Pushkar Maitra (Monash University) Douzounet Mallaye (University of Yaounde II) Marco Manacorda (Queen Mary, University of London and IZA) David N. Margolis (Paris School of Economics and IZA) Natasha Mayet (University of Cape Town) Caio Mazzutti (University of Sussex) Isaac Mbiti (Southern Methodist University) Martha Melesse (International Development Research Centre (IDRC)) Julián Messina (World Bank and IZA) Luigi Minale (University College London) Rinku Murgai (World Bank) Richard Mussa (University of Cape Town) David Newhouse (World Bank and IZA) Ash Niknia (World Bank) Ousmanou Njikam (University of Yaounde II) Christophe Jalil Nordman (IRD, DIAL, Paris and IZA) Rafael Novella (ISER, University of Essex) Max Ochai (Ministry of Finance, Uganda) John Page (Brookings Institute) Akshya Panda (Planning Commission, Government of India) Albert Park (Hong Kong Polytechnic University and IZA) Panu Pelkonen (University of Sussex and IZA) Janneke Pieters (IZA) Matloob Piracha (University of Kent and IZA) Markus Poschke (McGill University and IZA) Selim Raihan (University of Dhaka) Martin Rama (World Bank) Neil Rankin (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg) Stephan Richter (The Globalist Research Center) Jan Rielaender (OECD) Jamele Rigolini (World Bank and IZA) David A. Robalino (World Bank and IZA) Edgard Rodriguez (International Development Research Centre (IDRC)) Núria Rodríguez-Planas (IZA, IAE-CSIC and UPF and IZA) Lucas Ronconi (Centro de Investigación y Acción Social (CIAS)) Friederike Rother (World Bank) Preet Rustagi (Institute for Human Development) Ashok Sahu (Planning Commission, Government of India) Paola Salardi (University of Sussex) Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta (World Bank and IZA) Stefano Scarpetta (OECD and IZA) Rolf Schmachtenberg (German International Cooperation (GIZ)) Pia Schneider (World Bank) Simone Schüller (IZA) Alakh Sharma (Institute for Human Development) Margaret Sheridan (Harvard Medical School) Lorraine Shim (World Bank) Abebe Shimeles (AfricanDevelopment Bank and IZA) Gen P K Singh (United Service Institution of India) Stephen C. Smith (George Washington University and IZA) Rene Leon Solano (World Bank) Z. Bilgen Susanli (Isik University) Maha Taibah (Ministry of Labor, Saudi Arabia) Aysit Tansel (Middle East Technical University and IZA) Mervat Tashkandi (Ministry of Labor, Saudi Arabia) Francis J. Teal (University of Oxford and IZA) Servaas Van der Berg (Stellenbosch University) Marle Van Niekerk (National Treasury, Republic of South Africa) Sher Verick (ILO International Labour Organization and IZA) Neera Verma (Kurukshetra University) Paolo Verme (World Bank) Mariana Viollaz (CEDLAS-UNLP) Tara Vishwanath (World Bank) Frank-Borge Wietzke (London School of Economics) Christopher Woodruff (University of Warwick and IZA) Ingrid Woolard (University of Cape Town) Theodora Xenogiani (OECD and IZA) Chunbing Xing (Beijing Normal University and IZA) Linxiang Ye (Beijing Normal University) Urbain Thierry Yogo (University of Yaounde II) Zhong Zhao (Renmin University of China and IZA) Klaus F. Zimmermann (IZA and University of Bonn) Klaus Zumwinkel (IZA)